Child diseases - The mumps

Mumps is one of the teething problems that your child can get on young life. The disease parotitis epidemic is also sometimes called fat. It is an innocent viral childhood disease caused by a paramyxovirus and is very contagious.
In the Netherlands there is a vaccination (BMR) for the mumps. However, people who have been vaccinated against mumps can still get it. Once you have had the mumps, you can not get him a second time. You will be happy with that again.

How do you get infected?

Anyone who has not yet had mumps can get the disease. The virus is in the throat of an infected person. By coughing and sneezing, small drops of the virus are released into the air. You can become infected when you inhale these droplets. There is a considerable time between getting infected and getting sick. Namely about 2 to 3 weeks.

Which complaints does the Bof offer?

Not everyone who gets mumps gets sick and most complaints are over after a week. The complaints that can occur are:

Thick cheek and neck, often on one side of the face
Pain in or behind the ear (especially when chewing and swallowing)
Sometimes fever
Sometimes headache
30% of children do not have any symptoms or there is only an upper respiratory tract infection. These children are contagious for others.


Very young children can get meningitis and if men get it later in life (after puberty), they (25% of these men) can get an inflammation of the testicle. Infertility can occur here, but this is extremely rare.

In children, meningitis is seen in 0.45-1.0% of the cases. Other complications such as inflammation of the fallopian tubes, testes, pancreas, blindness and deafness, rarely occur.

How do you prevent contamination?

To prevent contamination of the mumps, you can take into account a number of things:

Use a paper handkerchief and throw it right after use. No handkerchief at hand? Then cough in the fold of your elbow.
Always wash your hands after coughing, sneezing and blowing.
Keep newborn babies away from coughing and sneezing people.
Teach small children to wash their hands as young as possible.


The mumps goes over again and you do not need any medicines. Possibly painkillers can help against the pain. If you think your child has the mumps, you can contact the doctor. He can investigate whether he has the mumps.
If your child is already attending school or child care, tell the teacher or teacher. If he feels good, he can just go to school or to the shelter. The weeks before the disease was revealed, he was already infected.

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