Do you notice eczema in your baby? You can recognize eczema as red spots, bumps, blisters with moisture or flakes. Eczema occurs in about 5 to 10% of babies, sometimes from the moment your baby is 3 months old. Eczema in your baby is not contagious, but very annoying. In this blog you can read how you can alleviate and treat the complaints of eczema.
What is eczema?
Eczema is a skin inflammation or skin condition that is not contagious. Eczema can be compared with an allergic reaction of your body to stimuli. These stimuli can come from outside. For example, there are babies who are allergic to nickel and after they have been in contact with eczema.
But in most cases, the eczema in a baby is caused by internal stimuli of the body itself. This form of eczema is called constitutional eczema and is caused by hereditary factors. If you or your partner used to have eczema, there is a chance that your baby will get it.
Eczema with your baby is annoying. The spots can itch and therefore they keep your little one out of sleep. Try to make sure your baby is not scratching, it can only make the itch worse.
Eczema with your baby on cheeks
When you see eczema with your baby on the cheeks, chances are that your baby has constitutional eczema. This eczema is caused by a hereditary condition. It appears in young babies, after about 3 to 4 months. Characteristic of this eczema is that it appears first in the beautiful face of your baby: the cheeks and ears. It is also on the upper body. The spots look red and also scaly or moist. They can spread to the arms (especially elbow folds), legs (knees), wrists and ankles.
Baby eczema tips
Have you noticed eczema in your baby? Then try to ensure that it does not get worse. And it is also good to take into account the factors that can trigger the eczema. Here are some tips to help your baby.
- Prevent your baby from scratching: keep the nails short and / or washcloths or socks around the hands. Especially at night.
- Provide distraction so that your baby does not scratch, think of games, walking or reading a book.
- Do not dry your baby, but pat your baby dry so that you do not rub the eczema.
- Provide airy clothing made of cotton. Synthetic, wool or too warm clothing can aggravate the eczema and cause even more itching.
- Avoid scented detergents and fabric softeners.
- Do you have pets? It is possible that your baby gets eczema from the pets.
Types of eczema
Most babies have constitutional eczema. This species can not be cured, but can be treated well with ointments. The "good" news is: about 80% of babies grow up before they are 15 years old.
Besides constitutional eczema there is also contact eczema. This eczema occurs when your baby comes into contact with a substance for which he or she is allergic. Like nickel. This form of allergy is easy to tackle: avoid the substances for which your baby is allergic.
Also read: A beard with a baby. This is another common skin condition in babies.
Treating eczema baby
Constitutional eczema in your baby is fortunately somewhat treatable.
- Not too often in bath. Too often in the bath causes dry skin and that is not conducive to the eczema and can aggravate the itching. Bathing your baby 2 or 3 times a week or taking with you in the shower is more than enough. Water dries out the skin. Also make sure that your baby is not in the bath for too long or in the shower, 5 minutes is more than enough. In addition, use as little soap or shampoo as possible.
- Lubricate your baby after the bath or shower with a neutral greasy cream to protect the skin.
- Try to breastfeed as long as possible, this way your baby will get antibodies.
- Keep the house dust-free so that you do not have dust mites.
- Keep your baby's skin greasy with a neutral, fragrance-free, greasy cream
- Sunlight has a positive effect on eczema. It is good to have some sunlight every day. Smear your little one well!
- Always go to the doctor if you suspect eczema in your baby. The doctor can prescribe creams that work well against eczema
Eczema treatment through a doctor
If you go to the doctor with your baby, the doctor can prescribe your very effective ointment. Such as hormone ointment with corticosteroids. These substances inhibit the inflammatory reaction in the skin and can alleviate the itching.
Eczema baby ointment
Sometimes small and starting spots eczema in your baby can already be treated well by neutral and oily cream. In that case, a hormone ointment is not required. Neutral cream also seems to help to prevent eczema. For safety reasons, lubricate your baby once or twice a day to prevent dehydration. Eczema baby ointment that is good:
- Cetomacrogol ointment (for example from brand Vaseline)
- Lanette ointment or cream (Vaseline)
- Cooling ointment
- Dry skin ointment from Drs Leenarts