Every month you can set the clock on it: menstruation problems. Some women have a lot of problems, others almost do not. although menstrual complaints in principle not dangerous, they are anything but pleasant. Read all about menstruation problems, how they arise, what you can do to relieve the pain and what it means if you have symptoms but do not have a period of time.
What are menstrual complaints?
Menstrual complaints are complaints that occur just before menstruation up to and including the first few days of menstruation. The pain lasts for a few hours to a few days. The pain may be stinging or feeling like cramps. Usually it is located in the middle of the lower abdomen and radiates to the back, hips and possibly also the upper legs. Other complaints may include dizziness, mood swings, headache, irritability, insomnia and fatigue.
Why do you have menstrual pain?
Ovulation takes place every month. After the egg is released your uterine lining becomes thicker under the influence of hormones. In this way the uterine lining is prepared for a possible implantation of the fertilized egg.
If the egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining is rejected. You will then suffer from blood loss: your period. During the rejection of the uterine lining, substances are released that cause the uterus to contract. These contractions cause the cramps and abdominal pain. Some women hardly have menstrual complaints and other ladies. Why this differs per woman is not clear. The symptoms may decrease as you get older. An IUD can also reduce menstruation problems.
Menstrual complaints dizzy
There are various types of menstrual complaints, dizziness can be one of those complaints. The dizziness can occur before, during and after menstruation. Often the dizziness is accompanied by other menstrual complaints such as headache, back pain and abdominal pain. If you are very dizzy before or during menstruation, it is wise to contact your doctor. Especially if you have severe blood loss. Maybe you suffer from iron deficiency or your blood pressure is too low.
If you are often dizzy for your period, this may indicate PMS. But again: always discuss it with your doctor and do not walk around with it. If you are dizzy it is not always wise to take painkillers, because some painkillers work dizziness in the hand. Ask your doctor or pharmacist which painkillers are suitable.
Menstrual complaints but not period
Do you feel typical menstrual complaints but you are not at a time, this can have different causes. First of all, it is important to find out in which part of your cycle you are. If you have menstrual problems but do not have periods during which you should or should have been, this may have the following causes:
Should you have had your period but you are not while you have symptoms, then you may be pregnant. In the beginning of your pregnancy you may suffer from abdominal cramps or abdominal pain. If you have a regular cycle and your period continues for two to three days, it is wise to get a pregnancy test.
It may be that there is a miscarriage. A miscarriage can start with abdominal cramps without being bothered by blood loss. This blood loss, however, eventually follows and is often more severe than a normal period.
This is a condition in which tissue of the uterus is placed elsewhere in the body. This tissue changes along with the influence of your hormones and thus your menstrual cycle. The complaints that this gives are abdominal pain and pain in the lower abdomen, usually a few days before your period starts. Your period will come a few days after. Read more about endometriosis here.
In very rare cases, there may be an ectopic pregnancy. Your period will remain because you are pregnant, but because the fruit is not in the womb, but in a different location (usually fallopian tube), this can cause symptoms as the fruit grows. This will be after a number of weeks. So if you continue to have symptoms for a few weeks, please contact your doctor.
Sometimes it may also be that your period is a bit later than normal and that you have the complaints, but no blood loss. Your period may be slightly late because your ovulation was later. Causes of this are stress, losing weight or arriving or intensive exercise.
Complaints week before menstruation
It can happen that your menstrual complaints begin a week before menstruation without anything going wrong. This can vary per person. If the symptoms decrease about 2 to 3 days after your period starts, it is quite normal.
Do you have menstrual problems before your menstruation, for example one week before, and do these complaints last up to 3 weeks? Maybe then you suffer from PMS, the premenstrual syndrome. Women with PMS have the same menstrual complaints every month that last longer than a week. With PMS it can happen that every month you are free of complaints for only 1 week. After this week the cycle starts again, so you walk around with pain for almost 3 weeks. What you can feel is abdominal pain, sore breasts, abdominal cramps, back pain and headaches. If you recognize the symptoms of PMS please contact your doctor. You really do not have to walk around with this.Certainly not because it can have a considerable impact on your daily life.
Complaints menstruation or pregnant
Sometimes a premature pregnancy gives the same abdominal cramps as before or during your period. This can be a sign of implantation, but the abdominal cramps can also have other causes. To determine if you are pregnant or not it is good to find out how your menstrual cycle is and whether you should have had any period. If you are 2 or 3 days overdue, get a pregnancy test. Who knows!
Reduce menstruation problems
Most menstrual problems can be reduced by taking a rest, looking for distractions, putting a nice warm jug on your stomach or a hot bath. Ibuprofen, paracetamol or other painkillers can also help to reduce the pain. Go to your doctor if you notice the following: