Blood loss during pregnancy can be pretty scary. Especially in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy there is always a fear of miscarriage. Bleeding during pregnancy does not necessarily mean that you have a miscarriage, that chance is about 50%. In addition, there are other causes of blood loss during pregnancy. Read more about the causes of blood loss and how you can know if it is a miscarriage.
Facts about blood loss during pregnancy
In short some useful facts about blood loss and miscarriage:
- In the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, 1 in 5 women lose blood from the vagina;
- Unfortunately, 50% of these women have a miscarriage;
- The other 50% has a bleeding with a different cause, which disappears automatically;
- If you are not sure whether you have a miscarriage then you can do 2 things: wait or ask for an ultrasound;
- Unfortunately, it is not possible to prevent a miscarriage:
- You can not predict in advance whether you will have a miscarriage;
- A miscarriage is NOT caused by sports, sex or other physical effort.
Causes blood loss during pregnancy
Blood loss does not necessarily mean that you have a miscarriage. There are a number of other causes that lead to mild blood loss during pregnancy. When implanting the fruit it can happen that you lose some implantation blood. This is because your uterine wall is extra blood through implantation and it is possible that a blood vessel will snap. Other causes are a polyp or inflammation. These bleeding are reasonably harmless and will pass automatically.
Slight blood loss during pregnancy
If you have mild blood loss during pregnancy which does not get worse and automatically stops then there is usually nothing to worry about.
A miscarriage occurs when the fruit no longer lives. Your uterus will then repel the fruit. There are a number of symptoms that you can recognize a miscarriage. If you notice the symptoms below, contact your doctor:
- you have (severe) abdominal pain or cramps in the lower abdomen;
- you may also have blood loss;
- bleeding will become worse over the next few hours or days;
- When you lose blood, you also lose blood clots (dark red in color) and pieces of endometrial tissue and / or a fruit sac.
Have you noticed the above symptoms and notice after a few days or a week that the pain is less and if you have any pregnancy symptoms (nausea, tense breasts) also decrease, then you probably had a miscarriage.
What can you do when in doubt?
Sometimes you have abdominal pain and blood loss, but you are not sure if you actually have a miscarriage. This can happen, for example, if your blood loss gets worse and you also lose blood clot, but do not have cramps, for example. Or you have blood loss that persists but does not get worse. You can then do the following:
- Wait 1 or 2 weeks to see if the miscarriage starts;
- ask for an ultrasound examination so that it can be checked whether the fruit is still alive. This is possible from the moment you are six weeks pregnant.
Always consult your doctor for advice. He or she may want to examine you yourself first. You can not use a pregnancy test to find out if you have a miscarriage, since you still have pregnancy hormones in your blood after a miscarriage.
When doctors call in case of blood loss during pregnancy?
If you notice the symptoms below, please contact your doctor immediately:
- you have very severe blood loss;
- increasing and severe abdominal pain;
- you have more than 38 degrees of fever in addition to bleeding.
Also read the experience story: After 23 weeks of pregnancy, my daughter was born!