Almost every child gets it: the chickenpox. In general, it is a harmless childhood disease that changes automatically. But of course it is never fun chickenpox in a baby to see. He or she will not be very ill, but it is not a joke! Read more about chickenpox in your (newborn) baby, its characteristics, infectivity and whether chicken pox are harmful during your pregnancy.
What are chickenpox?
Chickenpox is a viral disease that is generally quite innocent, but certainly not fun. When chicken pox is diagnosed with a baby, he or she gets red, itchy spots or blisters that can appear anywhere on the body. Chickenpox causes a slight increase in body temperature and especially a lot of itching.
Almost everyone gets the chickenpox. Once you have had chickenpox, you have built up enough antibodies to never get it again.
Chickenpox in a baby: Frequently asked questions
Are chickenpox contagious?
Most infections are caused by saliva. If someone who is already infected has to cough, sneeze or talk, the virus ends up in the air and is inhaled by someone else. In addition, you can also get infections if you come into contact with the fluid from the vesicles.
An infection with chickenpox can be caused without that person already having visible chickenpox! So from 2 days before the first vesicles until all vesicles have gotten crusts, about a week later, you can become infected with chickenpox. So on average, chicken pox is contagious for about 9 days.
After an infection, it takes on average between 10 to 21 days before your child becomes ill (incubation period).
In principle, you do not have to leave your child at home if he has chickenpox as long as your child does not feel sick, of course. But always consult with the management of the nursery.
How long does chickenpox last?
Once your baby has chickenpox, the disease lasts about 1 to 2 weeks.
Are dried-up chicken pox contagious?
If the blisters are dry and have crusts, the risk of infection is over. The chicken pox are then no longer contagious.
Are chickenpox infected?
If your child has a lot of itching and starts scratching, the blisters can start to become inflamed by a bacterial infection. We recommend that you go to the doctor. To reduce the itching of the vesicles, there are remedies available that can help.
Are chicken pox contagious for adults?
Even adults who have had no chicken pox as a child can become infected. An infection in adults can even cause you to be hospitalized.
Chickenpox is spread by the aricella-zoster virus (herpes group) and infects 90% of people who do not have antibodies. If you already had chicken pox as a child, it can cause shingles in adults. So you do not stay out of the ordinary as an adult.
How do you know if you have had chickenpox?
Do you no longer know if you have had chickenpox as an adult and would you like to know this? Then there is nothing else than to have blood punctured. There is no other way for your parents to determine whether you have had chickenpox yourself. Inquire with your doctor you could also do but if it ever registered there? Blood pricks and you know for sure!
The course and symptoms chickenpox baby
The chickenpox develops in certain phases. In the early stages, you can identify chicken pox in a baby or child by becoming a susceptible, developing a fever or catching a cold. After this, your child gets several red spots on the skin that then change into blisters. After a few days, crusts appear on the blisters that disappear after about 10 days.
Chickenpox newborn baby
When chickenpox develops in your newborn baby younger than 3 months, it can have unpleasant consequences because your baby's immune system is not optimal yet. This only occurs when the mother herself has never had the chickenpox. In that case the mother has not yet developed any antibodies and the baby is susceptible to it.
When you have had the chickenpox as a mother, you have antibodies that you transfer to your baby via the placenta. These antibodies remain in the body for 3 months.
Chickenpox and pregnant?
If you have never had the chickenpox before and you get them during your pregnancy, this may involve risks. Are you infected just before your birth it can happen that your baby is born with chickenpox. Always inform your doctor if you have been in contact with the viral disease or already have them. The GP can then administer antibodies or other medicines.
Treatment of chickenpox
This childhood disease can not be prevented or treated. In exceptional cases when your baby gets a high fever or if you are younger than 3 months, medication can be prescribed. But in most cases it is a matter of 'bite through the sour apple'. Chicken pox in a baby or child can be treated a bit by relieving the itch: