A high blood pressure during pregnancy is one of the most common pregnancy ailments. About 15% of all pregnant women have had to deal with it. In itself it is not bad if your blood pressure is a little higher than normal, but it is something that is well monitored. In the worst case, high blood pressure during pregnancy can cause your baby to get too few nutrients and oxygen. Read here everything you need to know about high blood pressure.
What is blood pressure?
Chances are that you have often heard the word blood pressure, or people who talk about high blood pressure, but what exactly does a blood pressure mean? Blood pressure is simply the pressure that is applied to your (stroke) veins. Since your heart pumps the blood through your veins in the form of heartbeats, the pressure on your blood vessels changes. For this reason a distinction is made between upper pressure and negative pressure.
The moment your heart squeezes together, the pressure on your veins is highest. This is called the top pressure. When your heart relaxes, the pressure on your veins is the lowest. This is called the underpressure.
If your blood pressure is structurally too high, there is always a high pressure on your arteries, which can cause cardiovascular disease. If your blood pressure is structurally too low (is rare), the blood will not flow efficiently through your veins and you may suffer from oxygen deprivation in your brain (dizziness, fainting).
Your blood pressure for pregnancy
On average the blood pressure is 120/80, 120 indicating the upper pressure and 80 the negative pressure. But it can happen that you naturally have lower blood pressure. For example, if your blood pressure is always 90/60 and you have a blood pressure of 120/80 during pregnancy, then that is high blood pressure for you, while it is actually average. It is therefore very important that you know your blood pressure before you become pregnant.
In the beginning of pregnancy, your blood pressure may be lower than normal, usually around 4 months. From the 7 months on, it will return to normal or slightly higher than normal.
High blood pressure during pregnancy is also called pregnancy hypertension. In order to lower your blood pressure, you are prescribed medication, but these can not eliminate the cause of the high blood pressure. That is caused by your pregnancy. That is why giving birth is the only way to get rid of pregnancy hypertension. In the worst case scenario, if the medication does not work or if you or your baby are at risk, you will be transferred to the birth.
High blood pressure early pregnancy
Women who are pregnant for the first time are more likely to have high blood pressure at the start of pregnancy than women who already have children. The midwife will monitor your blood pressure right from the start.
If a high blood pressure is quickly detected, urine testing will probably take place. This research measures how much protein there is in your urine. A high protein level in your urine may indicate a kidney damage. The midwife will ask you to come back a few days later for a new urine test and blood test. In addition, you are advised to take more rest.
If you have any other complaints, you will be referred to the gynecologist. This too will perform research again and make a heart movie of your baby. On the basis of your complaints, a policy is made to lower blood pressure.
High blood pressure end of pregnancy
If your underpressure is on the 90, your blood pressure is too high. This is the case with about 1 in 10 women. You yourself will not notice much of the high blood pressure and usually it can not do much harm. However, your midwife will keep a close eye on you and prescribe your rest. If you do have complaints, you will intervene. In the worst case, it will be decided to initiate the pregnancy.
High blood pressure can also be the cause of the HELPP syndrome, so always go to the obstetrician or general practitioner for monitoring and advice.
Decrease high blood pressure during pregnancy
In the first instance, sufficient rest can ensure that the high blood pressure during pregnancy is going to decrease. In addition, you must pay attention to salt.
If this does not help or if you have one of the following symptoms, you will be prescribed your blood pressure lowering medication.