Getting a miscarriage is an outright nightmare. Even if you are pregnant only a few weeks is a miscarriage, the last thing you want. You are dealing with loss, sadness, disappointment and fear. Fear that it will go wrong next time. In most cases you can not do anything about it. In some cases, a number of factors such as lifestyle choices play a role. Read more about this here causes of miscarriage.
When is there a miscarriage?
There is a miscarriage if your child dies before the 16th week of your pregnancy and / or is rejected by your body. In the first weeks of your pregnancy, the chance of a miscarriage is 50%. Because it happens at such an early stage, most women do not even realize that there is a miscarriage. The fruit is being rejected around the time when the next menstruation should start. Women therefore think that they have just gotten up again.
But even though it is often not noticeable, there is also a miscarriage. A miscarriage is also called spontaneous abortion. If you lose your baby after the 16th week of your pregnancy, it is called an untimely birth.
Most common cause early miscarriage
Miscarriages are most common in the first weeks of pregnancy. This number is around 50%. After that, the chance of a miscarriage is around 10%. If you have passed the 12 weeks, the chance of a miscarriage is considerably smaller. That is because your child is being developed in the first 12 weeks. After this, it will mainly grow and continue to ripen.
Something can go wrong soon in the development of your child. When a mistake arises, nature dissolves this by repelling the fruit. The biggest cause of miscarriage is therefore a mistake in the development of your child. This error is often caused by a chromosomal aberration. This deviation occurred during fertilization and cell division. So it is usually not hereditary. For that reason, such a deviation does not necessarily mean that you will have a miscarriage the next time.
General causes of miscarriage
Other causes of miscarriage can be:
Women younger than 35 have a 10% chance, but women between 35 and 40 already have a 20% chance of a miscarriage. This increases further to 33 to 50% for women who become pregnant between 40 and 45 years old. This is because the risk of chromosome abnormalities is greater with older oocytes.
In fertility treatments such as IVF, the risk of miscarriage is between 15 and 25%. This is not because of the treatment, but because of underlying causes of the fertility problems. Think of hormone disorder (PCOS), higher age or factors in the immunological field.
Smoking during pregnancy has a bad influence on the condition of the placenta. Your baby needs the placenta to survive. If this does not function properly, your child can die. Read our tips for smoking cessation here.
Alcohol and drugs:
Alcohol and drugs are poison to your body and can therefore cause a miscarriage. How bad alcohol really is, they are not over yet.
Some medicines can cause a miscarriage. Always inform your doctor and pharmacy immediately that you are pregnant.
Causes repeated miscarriages
If you have had a miscarriage once, the chance of a subsequent miscarriage is no greater than normal. If you have had a miscarriage twice or more after each other, then there are repeated miscarriages. In that case, the chance of a subsequent miscarriage increases. The causes can then be:
Hereditary chromosomal aberration:
Your partner or you have a chromosomal abnormality. You may not be bothered by this yourself.
Deviations in the uterus:
Such as a too small uterus, polyps or adhesions (possibly caused by curettage).
Clotting disorders of the woman:
The blood solidifies faster, this causes problems in the blood circulation of the placenta causing your child to die. Usually, coagulation abnormalities are already detected before you become pregnant.
Too much Luteinizing Hormone:
Some women make too much of the LH hormone, so the egg can not mature enough, but it is released during ovulation. Women with PCOS often have too much LH.
Miscarriage symptoms, can you recognize it?
There are symptoms that are characteristic of a starting miscarriage. Unfortunately, we must immediately indicate that it is not then possible to stop or prevent a miscarriage. When one of the causes of miscarriage has done their work, there is no longer any hold on. It is a little comfort, but remember that something went wrong in the development of your baby and that your baby would not have a chance to survive after birth.