In case of a miscarriage, you lose your baby or baby before it is born. When this happens before the 16th week of your pregnancy, we speak of a miscarriage. You can lose the fruit very early in the pregnancy, but also later. A miscarriage is always a terrible event. Read more about it here what is a miscarriage??
What is a miscarriage?
If you lose your fruit before the 16th week of your pregnancy, you have had a miscarriage. During a natural miscarriage your body will reject the fruit. This is accompanied by cramps and blood loss. Sometimes pregnancy symptoms such as nausea and tense breasts decrease just before the miscarriage.
It is also possible that your body keeps the pregnancy intact, while the fruit is not viable. Or that there is no fruit, but only an empty fruit bag. In these situations it may be necessary to induce the miscarriage with medication, or you undergo treatment to remove the fruit. This is called a curettage.
There are various types of miscarriages:
You lose the fruit early in the pregnancy because it is not viable. Most miscarriages occur very early in the pregnancy, sometimes even before the woman in question knows she is pregnant. The longer you are pregnant, the smaller the possibility of miscarriage.
The miscarriage starts spontaneously. Your body repels the fruit. This means that you kind of 'like' the fruit. It always goes hand in hand with cramps (contractions) and blood loss.
The fruit is not rejected by your body, but your body keeps the pregnancy going, while the fruit is not viable. You then still experience all pregnancy symptoms that make you feel pregnant. Usually you discover during the ultrasound that the heart of the fetus is no longer correct.
Empty fruit bag or windei
In this case you do have a fruit sac that is implanted in your uterus, but there is no fruit in it.
What is a miscarriage and what causes it?
Causes of miscarriage
In most cases the miscarriage is caused by a deviation of the fruit. For example, it has a chromosome too much or too little and is therefore not viable. In other words, something went wrong in the construction and the fruit could never grow into a healthy baby. Your body resolves this 'mistake' by allowing the fruit to die and / or repel.
Other causes of miscarriage can be:
- Deviations in the womb.
- There is an ectopic pregnancy.
- In very rare cases, amniocentesis (0.3%) or chorionic villus (0.5%) can cause a miscarriage.
- There has been an accident where the belly is badly damaged.
Risk factors for getting a miscarriage
In addition to the physical causes of miscarriage, other causes are also known. These causes are risk factors that increase the miscarriage, think of:
Age of the mother:
Unfortunately, the older the mother, the higher the chance of a miscarriage. The probability increases from the 35 years. The possibility of miscarriage is then 20% (in younger mothers between 9 to 17%). In women who are 40 years old, the chance is about 40% and in women around the age of 45 the chance is 80%.
If you have had a miscarriage once, this does not necessarily mean that the chance that you will subsequently have a miscarriage is greater. But if you have had a miscarriage twice before, the chance of a subsequent miscarriage is about 25%. If you already have 3 or more miscarriages, the chance of a subsequent miscarriage is 35%.
Smoking, alcohol and drugs increase the possibility of miscarriage.
Certain medications such as painkillers may possibly increase the risk of miscarriage. This applies, for example, to the NSAIDs: ibuprofen, diclofenac and naproxen. Read the package leaflet carefully for every medicine you want to use. If you need a painkiller, you may take (in moderation) paracetamol.
Infections, diabetes, severe fever, pregnancy poisoning or any other illness can increase the risk of miscarriage.
Serious obesity in the mother
What is a miscarriage?
Now that you know more about the causes and risk factors, I tell you how you can recognize a miscarriage and what the symptoms can be!
If a miscarriage naturally starts, it usually starts with blood loss. This blood loss increases within a few hours to sometimes even days. Then you can get cramps that also become more severe. If you get cramps, you will probably lose the fruit and the fruit bag within a few hours. This looks like a large clot with tissues.
Although a miscarriage usually starts with blood loss, it does not always mean that if you have blood loss there is a miscarriage. There may be several other reasons for blood loss, read more about blood loss during pregnancy here.
By reading about the experiences of others you discover that you are not the only one. It can help you deal with the grief and the processing of your feelings.
The symptoms of a miscarriage can be:
- Blood loss that keeps getting worse.
- Pain in the lower abdomen and cramps.
- In addition to blood you also lose clots and tissue, this is always accompanied by cramps. The tissue that you lose are the membranes, the fruit sac and the fruit itself. The further you are in your pregnancy, the bigger the fruit will be.
- When you lose the tissue, the cramps and blood loss will decrease.
- You can still keep some blood loss for several days or weeks after the miscarriage.
- After the miscarriage, the pregnancy symptoms will also decrease within a few days.
Do not use tampons to absorb blood loss, but sanitary napkins.
Genetic research after multiple miscarriages
A miscarriage is a terrible event that brings a lot of grief. I have experienced it myself and the disappointment and pain are very big. You always need time to process the loss. If you do not have one miscarriage, but have two miscarriages in a row, it will be incredibly hard for you.
It is therefore wise to contact your doctor. A chromosome test can be performed via the GP. During this research it will be examined whether the miscarriages may be caused by a deviation in your DNA or that you may be genetically not a good match.
If you have had three miscarriages in succession, you will be referred to the gynecologist who will carry out further examinations to determine the cause of the miscarriages.