Pregnancy disorders - How do you keep them limited?

You are pregnant and that is of course very nice, but you can also suffer from associated pregnancy ailments. Some just belong, with others you have to be more careful. We have tried to combine as many pregnancy ailments as possible (with possible solutions).

Hopefully you have something about it. And if you do not trust it? Always consult your doctor or midwife! They can help you or possibly reassure you. And the latter is always very nice!

Hemorrhoids

One of the more well-known pregnancy ailments are hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen blood veins in or around the vent. They can cause pain and itching and sometimes bleeding. They are often the result of constipation or blockage or the weakening of the pelvic floor muscles. This weakening reduces the support of the tissue around the blood vessels.

Drink a lot of water

To prevent clogging, it is best to drink a lot (water) - about 2 liters per day - sufficient exercise and ensure high-fiber nutrition. Fibers are for example in brown bread, brown rice, wholemeal pastas, green vegetables and fruit. Do not try to squeeze too much if you have hard stools. After your toilet walk, use lukewarm water with a cotton ball instead of toilet paper.

Acne

During pregnancy, young pimples can be re-established under the influence of hormones. Usually this decreases after the first few months. Consult the chemist or pharmacy how best to take care of this acne.

Tire pain

From the fourth month of your pregnancy you may suffer from tire pain. Your abdominal cavity is bounded by muscle plates, tendons, and membranes, and your uterus is suspended from it as it were. By growing your uterus, these bands are stretched and that can cause a nasty pain in the bottom of your stomach; especially when walking. The use of a cummerbund or support pants offers extra support and thus reduces this annoying, stabbing pain.

Pelvic instability

The bands and tissues of the pelvic girdle soften, making the pelvis too smooth and agile. During pregnancy, a slight softening of these parts is normal and functional: after all, your child has to pass the birth canal during the delivery. When the softening is too strong, the pelvis can move relative to each other and the muscles and bands around the pelvic belt have to work extra hard to keep the pelvis stable. This pelvic instability causes pain and limits your mobility.

Stock market and painful

You can get tired of it and get a purse or painful feeling around the pubic bone with radiation pain to the upper legs. Walking, standing, sitting, turning around in bed, cycling, driving ... it is all very difficult and causes a lot of pain.
Pelvic instability can be so bad that you end up in a wheelchair. Sometimes therapy is sometimes a solution.

Bladder (inflammation)

In the first months your uterus grows hard and thus presses on your bladder. This means you have to urinate more often. However, if you have a painful or burning sensation when urinating, let your urine check. Pregnant women are rather prone to urinary tract infection or bladder inflammation.
Drinking a lot reduces the risk of infection because the bacteria are then washed away. Also try to avoid clothes that pinch in the crotch.

More frequent peeing

At the end of the pregnancy you will also have to urinate more often because then the head will press your bladder. Try to change posture several times during urination to completely empty your bladder.

Anemia

Anemia does not mean that you have a shortage of blood, but it means that you have a shortage of iron. You can feel tired, dizzy and suspicious because of this. Because your body produces an extra liter of blood during the pregnancy (for the placenta), iron deficiency can occur. Your child also steals a lot of iron from your blood. To prevent anemia, you can eat the best iron-rich diet. These are products such as meat, green vegetables, legumes, whole grain products, et cetera. Your midwife or doctor may prescribe you steel pills.

Bleeding gums

During your pregnancy you are more sensitive to bleeding gums. During pregnancy, calcium is withdrawn from your body and under the influence of your hormones your gums will also become slightly softer. All reasons for an extra good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth with a soft brush after each meal and continue to fuse and / or stick well. An interim check with your dentist is advisable.

Blood loss

You do not have to go out of the worst with blood loss. During the first 16 weeks, it occurs in 1 in 5 pregnant women and they do not all get a miscarriage. Approximately 50% of pregnancies with blood loss usually go without problems. If you have no pain in your stomach, chances are that the blood loss has a different cause.

Innestelbloed

Some women have a little blood loss on the days that they would have a period and in the first weeks it may also indicate ingestion blood. Or maybe there is a small wound on the cervix, which is now more blood flow and the skin is now thinner. This would have been a bit of a waste, for example, during sex. If it happens, contact your midwife or gynecologist in any case.

Heartburn

After the twentieth week of your pregnancy, you may suffer from heartburn (often at night), or belching. It has two causes. On the one hand it is due to the large amount of progesterone that your body produces, making the sphincter of your stomach entrance slacker. On the other side, the growing uterus, the stomach, pushes up a bit, allowing gastric juices to enter the esophagus.

Ginger tea

Put the head end of your mattress a bit higher, eat smaller portions of food and watch out with spices, fat, onions and coffee. Lukewarm milk and a dry biscuit can have an enlightening effect. A cup of ginger tea can also help. Try to avoid carbonated drinks, strong coffee, fatty foods, sharp herbs and sour fruit juices as much as possible. Eat multiple small (er) portions per day rather than three large meals.

How do you make a cup of ginger tea?

Fresh ginger root can be bought in most supermarkets, greengrocers and toko's. Make the ginger tea as follows:

Peel the ginger root.
Put a teaspoon of grated ginger in a saucepan.
Add a cup of water and bring it to the boil.
Let everything draw for 5 minutes.
Remove the pan from the heat, put a lid on and let the tea stand for 5 minutes before you drink it.

Pay attention

On the website of food-info.net is to read that early studies suggest that ginger could be safe and effective in fighting nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. It is important that not too high a dose is taken (up to 2 g fresh ginger per day) and no longer than 5 days. There are also scientists who strongly discourage high doses of ginger because they fear deformities or miscarriages.

More research

To summarize: more research needs to be done to determine the safety and effectiveness of ginger intake during pregnancy before long-term recommendations can be made.
Also on the website www.herbasanitas.nl is to read that ginger belongs to the herbs that can be better avoided in the medicinal dosage in the beginning of the pregnancy. Occasional culinary use will not cause problems.

Cervical insufficiency

Cervical insufficiency is an initially painless progressive digestion of the cervix. In other words: the cervix is ​​too weak (insufficient) so that it opens up during the pregnancy so that there is a risk of preterm birth.

Emotions

Pregnancy is a period full of emotions. In the childbed bed, some emotional lability - from happiness to sadness - is normal.

Pass out

In the beginning of the pregnancy, you may suffer from a sudden drop in your blood pressure causing the brain to have a shortage of oxygen shortly. Getting up quickly and the sudden transition to a too hot and stuffy environment can all lead to fainting.
Avoid smoky rooms and do not stand too long. If you feel weak, sit or lie down with your feet up.

Hard bellies

These hard bellies are caused by involuntary contraction of the uterus. They can occur at an early stage. As long as they are not too often and too painful, it is not bad, but it can sometimes be quite annoying. They are often the sign that you have been too busy.

Braxton-Hicks

Your uterine muscles practice contracting before giving birth; these are the notorious contractions of Braxton-Hicks. These exercises are not painful, but feel like cramps, your stomach feels tight and hard. If they occur more often and you are not yet ready to give birth, tell your midwife.

Hair and nails

During your pregnancy, your finger and toenails can become stronger than they ever were. They can also grow faster! This also applies to your hair and we do not only mean your head hair. Unfortunately, the accelerated hair growth can also occur spontaneously in less suitable places, such as in your face or on your stomach. Fortunately, the excess hair disappears automatically from the moment your child is born. Until then, keep the shaver or tweezers within reach!

HELLP syndrome

HELLP syndrome is a serious form of pregnancy poisoning. The letters 'HELLP' stand for: Hemolysis Elevated Liverzymes Low Platelets. In other words: there is an increased breakdown of red blood cells, a disturbed liver function and a shortage of platelets, causing blood clotting to be disrupted. They are serious pregnancy complications, which can be life-threatening for the mother and her unborn child.

Headache

If you have a headache, try to rest. Effort, stress, and high work pressure can cause headaches, but headaches can also be caused by increased blood pressure - this is not good for your child. Do you have a lot of headaches or do it regularly set up, report this during your check.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

If you suffer from nausea and vomiting in an extreme form, this is called Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG). HG occurs in about 0.5% to 2% of pregnancies and women with this pregnancy sickness are barely able to get or retain anything from fluid or food and sometimes have to surrender a sip of water. Such an extreme form of vomiting and nausea leads to dehydration, weight loss and other complications. Often a hospital admission is inevitable.

Hypertension

A pregnancy hypertension is only mentioned when your blood pressure is too high after the twentieth week of your pregnancy, whereas it was normal for it. Another term that is sometimes used is 'pregnancy toxicosis'. Over-blood pressure occurs in 15% of pregnant women, especially during the first pregnancy. Fortunately, it is also often good and only 1% of pregnant women suffer from pre-eclampsia. Women over 35 years of age are more at risk and even if you expect a multiple birth, the chances are somewhat greater.

Incontinence

Some women suffer from incontinence or mild urine loss. This is because the muscles of the pelvic floor are stretched. This can occur especially during running, coughing and sneezing.

Itching

Some pregnant women can suffer a lot of itching on their stomachs. Make sure you do not wear any clothing that tickles. Soft cotton is better than synthetic fabric. A simple home remedy against the itch is to grate a potato (or cut it into slices) and rub your belly with it. If you also have itching elsewhere on your body, you can tell this better to your treating gynecologist or midwife. It is possible that there is a medical cause for the itching, for example iron deficiency or a form of jaundice.

Nausea

Because of the influence of the hormones, a large number of women (70%) suffer from nausea during the first months of their pregnancy. In most women it is limited to the morning, but some women suffer from it all day. Between 12 and 16 weeks there is a change in the composition of the pregnancy hormones. Often there is an improvement in morning sickness. Some people say the nausea is due to the fact that you are more sensitive to smells or because your digestion changes. Anyway, nausea is of course never pleasant.

Tips

To limit this as much as possible, we have put together a few tips for you:

  • Eat smaller portions a few times a day, then three times extended.
  • Do not stand up with an empty stomach. Ask your partner to bring a small breakfast to bed or put a roll of biscuit or a pack of crackers on your bedside table.
  • Stay in your bed a little longer in the morning.
  • Use a lot of fruit and raw vegetables, wholemeal bread and herbal tea.
  • Pay attention to a good bowel movement.
  • Ginger can reduce nausea (promotes bowel function) but it is also an effective remedy for heartburn.
  • Drink a cup of ginger tea.
  • Drink plenty of water during the day.

Extreme vomiting

In case of an extreme form of vomiting (no longer being able to keep inside), dehydration can occur. In that case, always notify your doctor. There can then be Hyperemesis Gravidarum.

tired

The pregnancy uses a lot of energy from your body. This makes you tired faster than usual. Just give in and just take a nap in the afternoon. The worst fatigue is often over after three months. If you remain very tired, ask your doctor or midwife if he checks your iron level (Hb).

Nosebleeds

Because the mucous membranes of your nose and bijholten swell under the influence of the hormones, you can get a little more bothered by a nosebleed during pregnancy. Always muzzle your nose carefully.

Constipation

Constipation is another word for 'constipation', an annoying pregnancy disorder that unfortunately also occurs frequently. Even if you have never had problems with a difficult bowel movement, this can suddenly be different during your pregnancy. Because of the influence of your hormones, your intestines work a bit less than normal during your pregnancy. The hormone progesterone loosens the muscles in your intestinal wall and makes the intestines work slower, making it all a bit more difficult. Your body also absorbs more fluid during your pregnancy, so your stool becomes thicker and you may also move a little less than before your pregnancy.

Stuffed ankles

At the end of your pregnancy, you may suffer from swollen ankles. This may indicate that you retain more fluid. Place your legs regularly at the same height.

Painful breasts

Pain in the breasts is a common pregnancy ailment. In fact, it can even be one of the first symptoms of your pregnancy! That is also a bit logical. During your pregnancy, the milk glands develop to prepare for milk production. Due to the increase of hormones, your breasts swell and become heavier. The skin stretches. Fortunately, the symptoms decrease again at the end of the first trimester.

Backache

Many women suffer from their back during pregnancy. Usually at the end of a pregnancy, but the symptoms can also occur earlier.
There can be various causes for these complaints. One of the possibilities is the change of the center of gravity in your body. But a change in the curvature of your spine is also called 'culprit'. This curvature is caused by the increase of the uterus.

Do not stand too long

Do not try to stand in a row for too long during the day. Should you still suffer from your back, then a warm water bag against your back can provide relief. Possibly in combination with a paracetamol.
There are special pregnancy belts, but they do not always work. Consult with your doctor if necessary.

Fungal infections (Candida Albicans)

During your pregnancy you have more white loss than usual. But if it is itchy, painful or burning, you probably have a fungal infection or a different name: Candida Albicans. It is a common ailment due to the changes in the acidity of the vagina. Your doctor can prescribe a cream or vaginal tablets for treatment in this case.

Insomnia

At the end of your pregnancy you may feel tired because you have trouble sleeping and / or falling asleep. Your growing belly will get in your way a little bit and it will become more and more difficult to find a nice posture.

Enough movement

Ensure sufficient exercise during the day. Try to avoid as much stress as possible and take less hay on your fork. Do not eat heavy meals in the evening and let your bedroom air out sufficiently. Take a nice bath before you go to sleep, drink a cup of hot milk or chamomile tea before you crawl into your bed and get a good book. However, never take a sleeping aid on your own initiative.

Use a pillow

You can make it more comfortable by putting a pillow between your legs. Lie on your left side and place your right leg bent on the cushion (or the other way around).

Varicose veins

Varicose veins are caused by obstruction and a reduced valve action in the leg vessels. During pregnancy, an enlarged uterus moreover makes the blood circulation more difficult, resulting in additional obstruction in the leg vessels. Do not wear high heels during your pregnancy. Try to sit high with your legs regularly.

Vaginal secretion

During pregnancy you can suffer more from vaginal discharge (white tide). This separation is thin, white and is almost odorless. The use of a vaginal spray is not recommended. The natural defense against vaginal infections can be disrupted by this use.

Burning

However, if it becomes itchy, brown, yellow or green, feels painful or burning, or smells stronger, you may have a fungal infection. In that case you should contact your doctor.

Forgetfulness (pregnancy dementia) and awkwardness

Do not be surprised if you find your car keys in the freezer or if you have stored the packaging of something and thrown away the contents ... Believe it or not but this can be a consequence of your pregnancy.

No medical cause

As far as we know, there is no known medical cause for pregnancy dementia or forgetfulness, but some women are more scattered during pregnancy than usual and sometimes even more awkward. You do not have to worry, it is fortunately of a temporary nature. Once your baby is born, you become as perceptive as ever!

Constipation (constipation)

The intestines work a little slower during pregnancy. You can then suffer from constipation. Do not take laxatives during your pregnancy. Many drugs cause contractions (contracting muscle movements) that also affect your uterus and then lead to fetal deprivation.
What you can do is soak dry fruit (apricots or prunes), drink enough (one and a half to two liters per day) and high fiber food (wholemeal bread, vegetables and fruit).

Hold moisture

Moisture retention is necessary for the weakening and stretching of the tissues. It occurs especially when you sit long or when it is warm, especially in the ankles, legs and fingers. Pay attention to your rings and remove them from your fingers prematurely. It is very annoying when you can not get them off anymore.
Drink at least 2.5 liters (water) a day and avoid standing for a long time. You can also sleep up with your legs. If you are keeping an extremely high amount of fluid, please contact your doctor or midwife.

Present placenta (or placenta previa)

In the case of a placenta at the front, the placenta is too low in the uterus. Normally the placenta grows somewhere at the top of the uterus, but sometimes this does not happen and the placenta comes to lie over the exit of the uterus. The placenta can cover the cervix and cervix with this location, which can lead to bleeding. If you have a low lying placenta, you will be accompanied by a gynecologist during the rest of your pregnancy.

Pregnancy mask

Under the influence of hormones and sunlight, a spotty, yellow-brown skin discoloration may develop. This is called a 'pregnancy mask'. You can prevent this by having a good one sunblock to go into the sun, or even better, sit under a parasol.

Stretch marks (stretch marks)

Stretch marks or stretch marks (stretch marks) are small tears in the bottom layer of your skin. These arise because your skin is very stretched in a short time. Often they can be found on the underside of your belly and your navel. You can not prevent it, and it does not go away either. Fortunately, they fade over time.

Care

Keep your skin as good as possible by keeping your skin with special products, smooth. There are brands that have developed a special line for pregnant women.

Gestational diabetes or diabetes gravidarum

With gestational diabetes you get a high blood sugar level during pregnancy. Fortunately, this is temporary and this form of diabetes is over again after the birth. The medical term for this specific diabetes is diabetes gravidarum. About 2 to 5 percent of pregnant women will experience this. From the 24th week you can deal with this. Therefore, a glucose test is regularly performed from the second trimester.

During your pregnancy, your child may suffer from your high blood sugar level; he himself develops a high blood sugar level. High glucose levels are especially harmful in the first weeks of the embryo when important organs are formed. Other consequences can be:
Your child can grow more than normal and therefore have an increased birth weight (macrosomy). The chance of a Caesarean section increases.
He can be born earlier.
His blood sugar level can drop dangerously after birth. It can be taken temporarily until its blood sugar level returns to normal.
At a later age, both mother and child are more at risk of type 2 diabetes.
In addition, you run a higher risk of postnatal depression after delivery and an increased blood sugar level increases the risk of infections that usually occur in the kidneys, bladder, cervix and uterus.

Pregnancy disorders

Unfortunately, pregnancy ailments are part of your pregnancy. Some of you will have little to no trouble, others will do more. Listen carefully to your body and in spite of some pregnancy ailments try to enjoy as much of your pregnancy as possible. In the end you keep a wonderful miracle in your arms!

Video: The importance of folic acid in pregnancy & what dose you need in your prenatal vitamins

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