Baby food - How much and how often? And which choice do you make?
You probably already thought about it a lot during your pregnancy. Do you want to breastfeed your child? Or do you prefer to opt for the bottle. It is a choice that only you can make. But of course we can provide as complete information as possible so that you are able to make the right choice.
Baby food - Breastfeeding
The first days after birth, your breasts produce a thick, yellowish liquid called Colostrum. This milk contains antibodies that protect your baby against all kinds of infections of intestines and lungs. Put your child on a regular basis during the first few days to have him drink as much Colostrum as possible. That way you can master the construction together and the milk production is well under way. Ask for expert help if construction does not work.
If it does not work out the same way, many women tend to switch to the bottle. Your maternity nurse can guide you in this, but it is also possible to consult a lactation consultant. She can tell you exactly how you can get breastfeeding, how you can best place your baby and how much he needs. You have certain 'regular days' during breastfeeding. Your baby will soon ask for baby food again. If you go into that and put your child back to your breast, milk production will automatically adapt to the demand.
Suffer from nipple gaps
If your nipples start to hurt during feeding, you probably suffer from a nipple gap.
Nipples is an innocent disease, but of course the pain is not pleasant. Nipple gorges can arise from improper use, for example if your baby just sucks on your nipple. Therefore, try to have your baby take as large a part of the areola in its mouth as possible.
Tips for softening chaps
- Allow a drop of breast milk to dry on the nipple after feeding baby food.
- Raise your nipple as far as possible in the air
- Use so-called nipple protectors after feeding. Nursing pads can stick to the wound.
- You can treat the chunks with purified lanolin.
- Apply very carefully, wait until the mouth is wide open.
- If feeding really hurts too much, pump off a diet. The expressed milk can be given to your baby with a cup, food syringe or spoon.
- Try a different posture during feeding.
Tips to prevent chapping
- Carefully lay the baby. Wait until the mouth is wide open to take a big bite and then pull it towards you. Possibly you can support your chest with one hand, four fingers underneath, thumb on top of the chest.
- Ask for help if you are uncertain about it. A well-groomed baby lies with his belly close to the mother, has a large part of the areola in his mouth, the lips curled outwards, and the chin and nose touch the chest.
- Feeding should not hurt
- Let your nipples dry in the air after the baby food.
- Carefully remove the nipple from its mouth when your child is ready to suck.
- Put your baby before he is completely upset. Your child will be slightly less hungry and therefore drink more quietly
Benefits of breastfeeding
- The composition is always exactly tailored to your baby, at the right temperature and can not spoil.
- Breast milk contains antibodies that protect your baby against disease and infections.
- Breastfeeding promotes attachment between mother and child.
- Breastfeeding has a beneficial effect on the baby's jaw and brain development.
- The chance of an allergic reaction is smaller.
- Breast milk is free, environmentally friendly and always available.
- The uterus pulls together during the sucking of the breast so the chance of a bleeding is smaller and your body recovers faster.
- The menstruation is postponed and you are more likely to return to weight.
- A woman who is breastfeeding is less likely to develop breast and ovarian cancer and osteoporosis.
Disadvantages of breastfeeding
- Nobody can take over a food from you (unless you flask)
- You can start to feel insecure, if you do not succeed immediately or your baby does not grow so fast.
- You may suffer from nipple gaps and perhaps breast inflammation.
How much breast milk does a baby need?
Is your baby born and healthy in time, then he has enough reserves for the first 2-3 days. Applying from the moment of birth is important to stimulate milk production.
If your baby is good, he might get a few drops of colostrum. Put him, often 8-12 times a day, to both breasts to practice. Ask for help if it does not work immediately. You have yet to get to know each other. After a few days the milk production will start well and you will see that the baby starts to urinate and defecate more. If in doubt, you can weigh one extra time. Most babies are still falling off in the beginning, to start growing after the fourth day.
Number of pee and dirty diapers
Measured from the lowest weight, babies will arrive in the first months 140-215 grams per week. The number of puddles is then at least 4, the number of poop-diapers at least 2. After about 6 weeks, the number of poop-diapers can greatly decrease because the baby hardly has any waste. In the months 3-6 the growth decreases: 90-140 grams / week is normal.
A baby can never get too much food, but too little. Keep an eye on your child and if he needs more food, give in to it. Your body automatically adjusts milk production again. This is called feeding on request. After a few weeks you discover a rhythm that suits your child and that is different for every baby! Therefore, it is not necessary to use a schedule for breastfeeding. Night feeds certainly belong in the beginning. Some babies can sleep on a diet after a few months at night.
Sometimes there are days when your baby suddenly does not seem to have enough of your breastfeeding. He cries more then and your breasts feel weaker. These can be so-called rules days. Your baby wants to drink more because he is growing. Take some rest yourself and feed your baby as often as he wants. After a few days your production has increased and your baby is satisfied.
Load of stowage
Usually stowage occurs on the third or fourth day after delivery. How much you suffer from this differs per person. It is caused by an increased blood flow to the breasts and by the production of milk. If the milk is not removed, the breasts become large, painfully tense and the skin can turn red. You may feel a little sick and have some increase.
- Put your baby in the first days a lot, so your child can already drink the breast well before the blood supply increases. This allows you to have less trouble with stowage.
- Take a warm bath or hot shower before feeding. The milk will flow through the heat, which reduces the tense feeling. You can also gently massage by touching the nipple with your fingers.
- Koucompresses on the chest after feeding make the pain less.
- If your milk production is already well under way but your child does not drink your breast (s) properly, it can help to empty your breasts once.
You can also get stowage if your baby spends a baby food (for example, at night) This sting is caused by accumulated milk in your breasts. When your child starts drinking again, the momentum will soon disappear. If your child sleeps longer between two feedings at night, the milk production will adjust to this after a few days.
Make sure that no hard spots remain. In that case, put your baby back on again. This prevents a blocked milk canal or even a breast infection.
A breast infection is caused by a blocked milk canal (your child does not drink the breast properly) or a bacterium that has penetrated from the outside via a nipple gape. The skin looks red, it glows, swells and hurts.
There is a distinction between an imminent chest inflammation and a real one. When there is a threat, you see a red spot on your chest that feels warm and hard and does not disappear when you have fed your baby. The place can be painful. Take sufficient rest and let your child drink as much as possible. Put on your baby well. It is important that your chest is drained properly, if necessary, flask it after the feeding. For feeding it is important to keep your chest well warm so that the milk can flow more easily. If you are on time, you may be able to prevent a real chest infection.
If the above does not benefit, or you just have not been quick enough, then a real breast infection can occur. You feel flu-like, can get (high) fever, have a headache and hurt your muscles. Try to take some more rest and feed your baby more often (starting with the painful chest) Warm up your breasts for food with warm compresses so that the milk will be easier to assure.
After feeding you can cool the chest with ice. Put a compress in the freezer (tip: wet a sanitary napkin and put it in a plastic bag, put it around a round bowl in the freezer) or use a bag of frozen peas.
If you have a high fever for more than 24 hours (> 38 degrees), please contact your doctor.
If your breast infection is caused by an outside bacteria, you will usually get an antibiotic treatment. If the inflammation arises from your child's sprue, then you both have to be treated with an anti-fungal agent. Thrush is a white attack in the mouth of your child. It is painful for your baby and you can not wipe away the attack with a cloth. The baby can transfer the fungus to your nipples. That can give a burning, stinging pain.
Pumping breast milk
It can be easy to pump milk. You can store the milk in the freezer for a later time and another can also feed your baby. Sometimes flasks are necessary: for example if your child is in the incubator. And the most is being spun by women who will start working again with 3 months. There are different ways of pumping breast milk. Most women pump their breast milk using a breast pump.
Some women, however, find it easiest to pump by hand. Even if you pump with a breast pump, it is useful to learn how to pump by hand.
Types of flasks
You have a choice in manual flasks and electric flasks. You can also rent some electric flasks. These are the heavier flasks, which are mainly used by women who pump often and for a longer period of time.
If the baby is lying on the breast, the milk will flow automatically, but if you start to poke you will sometimes have to wake up the acceleration reflex. Heat and relaxation help. If the acceleration reflex does not occur, you better stop, and try again later. A nasal spray can also be obtained from the doctor who induces the acceleration reflex.
Ideal moments of flask
It is best to pump at those times that you would normally give the breast. But of course you can deal with it flexibly, for example if you are at work, then not every moment will be suitable for pumping. Generally speaking, you will be pumping more milk per day if you do it briefly and often than if you spend a long time doing it several times a day.
If you want to build up a stock, you can for example in the morning between feeds in flasks. All the bits that you save together, you freeze in, in bottles or special bags. If you go to work soon, it is convenient to let your baby get used to a bottle of milk at a rate of 4 to 6 weeks.
It is best to warm up breast milk from fridge or freezer before use, 'au bain Marie', and preferably not in the microwave.
Medications and breastfeeding
Do not use medication on your own initiative, but always consult with your doctor. Medications that are available without a prescription can also be harmful to your child.
There are few medications that really do not go hand in hand with breastfeeding. Some medicines do not even end up in breast milk. An alternative is often possible. Urge your doctor to look for reliable information for you. The information on the package leaflets is generally too cautious.
Can I breast-feed during working hours?
You may breastfeed or breastfeed during working hours until your child is nine months old and for a maximum of one quarter of your working hours. The employer will pay your wages.
The employer must make available a suitable, closed space for feeding and pumping. If this is not possible, you can arrange a place yourself or you can go to your baby.
You can also make other appointments with your employer, for example adjusting your working hours or partially working at home.
Baby food - Bottle feeding
In rare cases, breastfeeding is not possible, but you can also consciously choose not to or only temporarily breast-feed. Fortunately, there is a good alternative, namely artificial infant formula.
Bottle feeding is a complete baby food and most babies do well. Some mothers choose a combination of breast and bottle feeding. The composition of the bottle formula is very important, so follow the instructions on the package. At the clinic you get all information about how much food your child needs.
Seven power supplies
Give your child six to seven feedings per day. Pay attention to his own rhythm and do not impose a strict schedule on him. If he is sleeping well, you do not have to wake him up. If he is hungry, he will come naturally. Ensure good hygiene. Bottles and teats must be boiled for three minutes or seven minutes in a microwave cleaner.
If your child is crying often, one of the causes may lie in the fact that he may suffer from colic. Before birth, the intestines of your baby are not really active yet. After the birth, the intestines suddenly get nutrition to process, this can cause colic. Your baby is inconsolable and pulls up his legs.
The cramps can be caused when the mother is breastfeeding and has eaten a stimulating baby food (leeks, onions, beans) but it can also occur if your child has swallowed a lot of air during feeding or if too much food is given in one go.
take your time
Take the time to feed and do not allow your child to drink too quickly. A smaller hole in the teat can sometimes help. Try to prevent air from being sucked in by paying attention to the position of the bottle.
If your child suffers from cramps, you can put something warm on his belly or gently rub his belly with your hand. If your baby eats too greedily and gets too much air, you can let him farm for a while.
Diarrhea is dangerous for babies because they dry out quickly. If he also has a severe fever and / or spits, call your doctor immediately. To prevent dehydration your baby needs (in the right proportions) salt, sugar and moisture. Such a solution can be obtained from the pharmacy or chemist.
With six months your child may occasionally taste something else than milk. Until this age (mother) milk contains everything your child needs. Of course he is still too small to really eat with you, but he may now also something else. For example, you can give him a spoonful of diluted orange juice or diluted apple juice or tomato juice. In this way he can get used to a little different tastes.
Sieve the juice before you give it to him. There must be no seeds, sheets or fibers in it. Do not be surprised if your child does not like it at all. After all, he is used to drinking milk all this time. On the basis of your baby, you can switch step by step to more solid food. Many children like to suck on a bread crust. This is a good introduction to bread. For six months it is not recommended to give baby's cereal products containing gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, oats and barley.
Slice of bread
From a month or eight your child will be ready for his first slice of bread. Start with light brown bread. Only after a year can you gradually change to dark brown and finally to wholemeal bread.
No honey for your child
Do not give your baby honey in the first year. Traces of bacteria can be found in honey. The spores themselves are not a health hazard, it only happens when they grow into bacteria.
In the honey itself the bacteria do not grow, but there is a very small chance that this happens in the gastrointestinal tract of young children.
Cakes in which honey is processed can not hurt.
Fruit and vegetable snacks
If your child is six months old, you can start with small amounts of vegetables or fruit. It is not necessary before: (mother) milk contains everything your baby needs. Early feeding reduces milk production when you breastfeed. You can watch signals that your baby is ready to eat something else: he reaches his spoon or your food with his hands, or he starts to smack fiercely when he sees someone else eating.
If he can sit upright in the high chair, you can give him something else to eat. Try a new bite, after he has had his familiar milk and not instead of his milk.There are ready-to-eat fruit and vegetable snacks for sale, but you can also make them yourself. Note that the food must be sifted during the first few months. There must be no hard bits or seeds in it. From seven or eight months a baby has to learn how to chew. A fruit snack can consist of crushed fruit mixed with a little fruit juice.
Fruit and vegetables contain vitamin C and iron, and that your baby needs extra at this age as a building material for his blood and muscles. Suitable vegetables for young babies are: carrots, beans, cauliflower and applesauce.
Important power source
Breastfeeding remains an important source of nutrition even after 6 months. You can continue with it as long as you and your baby like it. By gradually introducing the solid food you can reduce your breastfeeding in a natural way.
- If your child does not feel like trying new food, give him the time to get used to it and do not insist if he does not like something.
- Do not give food containing nuts, gluten, whole milk or egg before 6 months: this will reduce the risk of developing allergies.
- Do not try more than one new type of food at a time. Give him a few times to get used to something.
Menu 6 - 8 months
If you are still breastfeeding, remember to give your child vitamin D drops. Your child is now going to eat more and more at the table. Do not leave your child alone with his food, because he can easily choke. When this happens, gently pat it a few times in the middle of his back, between the shoulder blades.
- Breakfast: Milk or porridge (200 ml)
- In between: Fruit juice or fruit drink
- Lunch: Milk (200 ml)
- In between: Fruit juice or fruit drink
- Hot meal: Vegetable (3 tablespoons, finely ground), potatoes or white rice (1 tablespoon finely ground), meat, fish or egg (finely ground)
- Dessert (yogurt)
- Milk (200 ml)
Menu 8 - 12 months
A 10-month-old baby can learn to eat with a spoon. Of course you can also have a bite yourself between your own attempts.
- Breakfast: Milk or porridge (200 ml) or 1 sandwich
- In between: Fruit juice or fruit drink
- Lunch: 1 sandwich and cup of milk
- In between: Fruit juice or fruit drink
- Hot meal: Vegetable (3 tablespoons finely ground), potatoes or rice (1-2 tablespoons fine), meat, fish or egg (1 tablespoon finely ground)
- Dessert (yogurt)
- In between: Milk (200 ml)
Menu from 12 months
Meanwhile, try to get rid of the bottle a bit by letting him drink from a (tumble) cup. A child who continues to walk with a baby bottle is at risk of tooth decay. Your child can gradually eat with the pot from 1 year onwards. He can now also carefully try with leeks, onions and cabbage varieties. Be a little economical with salt and sharp herbs. Preferably choose vegetable fats. It is important to apply as much variation in the baby food as possible. Both in vegetables, fruit and in spreads, so that your baby gets to know all foods. In addition, products also have different nutritional value and can sometimes contain substances that your child may not have too much (eg vitamin A).
- Breakfast: porridge (200 ml) or 1 -2 slice of bread (with toppings) and a cup of milk
- In between: Fruit juice or fruit drink or rice cake
- Lunch: 1 -2 slice of bread with toppings and a cup of milk
- In between: Fruit juice or fruit drink or rice cake
- Hot meal: Vegetable (1-2 serving spoons), potatoes, pasta or white rice (1 serving spoon), meat, fish, chicken, egg or meat substitute
- Milk cup (100 ml)
Recently I thought Noa (6 months) would be ready for a bit of solid food. Immediately I, like a real Gordon Ramsey, dived into the kitchen and I did my utmost to make a culinary, healthy and vitamin rich treat for my little girl. Her crazy taste when tasting her first vegetable snack was priceless, but to say that she enjoyed it ...
Maybe my cooking skills are not as bad as I have always thought. Yet try a jar of baby food and see if she likes it. But is there anything that my princess needs?