Good teeth care is important. For you but also for your child. As soon as the first teeth come through, it is very important that they are cared for.
First of all, a radiant white tooth is of course a beautiful face, but strong teeth with a good chewing function is also important for your digestion.
Fortunately, you can do a lot yourself to keep your teeth beautiful and strong. And young learned is done old!
The first teeth
The first teeth appear when your child is about 5 to 6 months old. Some children are not bothered by this at all and you notice it only when you can see the tooth that has come through. Other children can become a bit weepy and have a little more whining. Your baby may sleep worse because he is suffering from the pain, he may also suffer from diarrhea and fever (although experts contradict each other about this). There are some remedies to ease the pain a bit. As soon as the tooth is gone, all the ailments disappear as quickly as they have come.
A complete milk teeth
A baby does not need teeth yet because he only drinks milk. You do not see any teeth with a baby, but they are definitely there! Only they are hidden under the gums for the first time. About half a year after birth, the first teeth will come through. At about 3 years of age, the milk bite is complete.
The first teeth are called milk teeth. A complete milk set consists of 20 elements. Per jaw half we find:
2 milk picking
A fully mature set of teeth
The milk teeth will be exchanged between the seventh and twelfth year. This creates the final teeth. However, dialects do not come much later (from the eighteenth year). It can also happen that these never come through.
A complete set of teeth consists of 32 elements. In every jaw we encounter from front to back:
2 false ones
3 to choose true (the last is the wisdom tooth)
How do the first teeth come through?
With six months you can expect the first tooth. With each child the order in which the teeth appear differs, but below is an overview with the average sequence.
|Average age||Kind of tooth|
|6 months||Down front|
|6.5 months||Down front|
|7 months||Up front|
|8 months||All upper teeth|
|9 months||Other down front teeth|
|12 months||First choose|
|18 months||Choose four|
|20 months||Four fangs|
|24 months||Select the last four|
Problems with the passage of teeth
The pain in the passage of a tooth is caused by the gums that spill over the running tooth. In addition, in the same period the protection against bacteria that your child automatically received from you. Now he has to make his own antibodies. At this moment, his resistance is therefore slightly lower.
If your child is a bit of a hanger, lethargic or, tearfully, it can naturally come from a passing tooth - do not, however, automatically draw this conclusion. Your child can of course also be 'sick'. If you do not trust it, go to the doctor for safety with your child. Do this in any case if your child has had a fever for three days.
Other signals for the passage of teeth are fiery red cheeks, more drooling and more of a need for chewing and sucking to ease the pain in the gums. Your baby may sleep worse because he is suffering from the pain, he may also suffer from diarrhea and fever (although experts contradict each other about this).
Once the tooth is through, all the ailments will disappear again just as quickly as they came.
Relieve the pain of passing teeth
Preventing your child from hurting, unfortunately, does not work, but you can ease the pain a bit. This can be done in the following way:
Tips to ease the pain
Massage the place of the breakthrough gently with your finger, you can also use the convex side of a teaspoon.
Let your child bite on a teether or rattle.
If you have a fever, you can give your child a paracetamol suppositor (120 mg) in consultation with your doctor or pharmacy.
Use medicinal drops that contain lidocaine (Dentinox), this substance numb a little bit of the gums, which makes the pain a bit less. You can repeat this up to four times a day. Bear in mind that your child may not eat or drink for three-quarters of an hour after treatment. You can buy the drug at the drugstore or pharmacy. Read the instructions carefully before use.
If you want to suppress the pain for homeopathic treatment, you can use Chamodent tablets or drops. When you choose the tablets, keep in mind that the tablets must first be finely ground before you can grease the gums.
More chewing and sucking can ease the pain a bit. You can give your child some raw vegetables or chilled fruit for this. However, do not leave your child alone if you give him this, because he might suffocate. Other alternatives for sabbling are: breadstick, biscuit, peeled apple, celery stick, peeled cucumber, cleaned carrot, wholemeal biscuit or toddler biscuit, et cetera.
Teeth care - Brushing teeth
Whether it is a milk teeth or adult teeth, it is necessary to keep the teeth clean. This can be achieved by carefully brushing twice a day with a toothbrush and toothpaste.
At first your child can not brush himself, so you will have to do this for him. From a year or two he can try it himself. He can make a stub himself, after which you serve him.
Napoens remains important until the age of 10 years! Brushing teeth should be just as natural as showering and dressing.
By brushing properly, all leftovers of food and drink are taken away from your mouth. In this way, these leftovers do not have a chance to form plaque - and thus cause cavities - and the teeth stay strong.
Brush the teeth the best at fixed times. The best times are after breakfast and before bedtime. The cleansing before bedtime is actually the most important. Try to take the time for that. With a full set of teeth a brushing of about 2 minutes is recommended. It is important to give your child no more food or drink (milk!) After brushing.
Stick and floss
Stoking and / or flossing is only necessary with the definitive teeth. Toddlers and preschoolers therefore do not have to stick and / or floss. Two good cleaning events (with the emphasis on cleaning before going to sleep) is sufficient.
|4 - 12 weeks|
|Mouth habits||Mouth inspection for possible deviations|
|3 - 6 months|
|Cleaning||From breaking the teeth: brush twice a day with a pea fluoridetoddlertoothpaste.|
|Breakthrough||Breakthrough first tooth: pain relief with chilled teether (not from the freezer compartment) or with Chamodent or Dentinox. By pharmacy is also called mixtura lidocaini hydrochloride 2% prescribed.|
|Mouth habits||Do not bring baby bottle to bed to prevent mouth breathing. Remove finger, thumb and teat from the mouth after sleeping. If necessary, reduce night food (bottle / breast).|
|12 - 24 months|
|Mouth habits||From 9 months of drinking from a regular cup in connection with baby bottle caries, infantile swallowing habit and growth of the jaw, position of the teeth and the development of the muscles. A spout cup can be used as an intermediate step between the bottle and the beaker for a short period.|
|Cleaning||Varied food, not adding sugar, honey or sweeteners. Limiting snacks to a maximum of 3 times per day. Preferably brush the teeth in the evening after the last feeding or meal.|
|2 to 4 years|
|Mouth habits||Eliminate thumb or finger sucking, mouth breathing and pacifier use. No more feeding bottle, stimulate nasal breathing and close the lips.|
|food||Eliminate thumb or finger sucking, mouth breathing and pacifier use. No more feeding bottle, stimulate nasal breathing and close the lips.|
|Fluoride||Up to 4 years brushing twice a day with a pea fluoridetoddlertoothpaste. (500-750 ppm fluoride)|
|Medicines||Watch sugars in medicines. Brushing teeth only after taking sweet medicines (eg cough), mouth rinsing after taking acidic medicines (eg vitamin C).|
|Dentist visit||From the 2nd year on, every six months control.|
|Cleaning||Use a soft toothbrush with a small brush head (toddler toothbrush). Brush the teeth twice a day, according to the short scrubbing method. Use a pout of toothpaste on the toothbrush. Rinsing with water is not necessary with a toddler toothpaste. Have a parent to clean their teeth once a day (preferably in the evening).|
The story of the tooth fairy
There is a fairy in our country who has very nice teeth. They are beautiful white. When the fairy smiles, it seems as if the sun is shining, her teeth are shining so beautifully.
The fairy brushes her teeth after every meal. She does not brush them for a moment, no, she brushes her teeth for three minutes!
With a very nice toothbrush. And snack? The tooth fairy does that sometimes, but not all day long. Occasionally she takes a candy. Then she polishes ... yes, you guessed it, her teeth.
Fables and facts
Good dental care is necessary and important. Even with small children. As soon as the first teeth come through, it is very important that they are cared for.
We asked Murteza Goleli, dental specialist, with her own dental practice in The Hague (Tandartsenpraktijk Hobbemaplein).
Is it correct that first the dialing has to come through before changing?
No! After the root of the milk teeth and teeth are resorbed, they slowly start wobbling. The first permanent molars come around approximately at the age of 6. It may be that the baby teeth are wobbling before and the baby teeth are lost.
It is sometimes said that it would be better if teeth only come through late, that they are stronger?
The canine is only about 9 years old. This is a very important tooth for humans. very strong because of its location and shape. The second adults choose around 12 years of age. But they are not necessarily stronger teeth and choose!
From what age is it advisable that children go to the dentist?
In general, it is advisable that the children go to the dentist from the age of 3 years.
Is it true that holes in the milk teeth are not filled?
No! Holes in the milk teeth must also be filled, but sometimes the dentist can proceed to remove the milk teeth because the tooth wobbles, or because the caries is so advanced that it can not be rescued with a filling.
Can you do more besides careful brushing to care for the teeth of children?
After the children have cleaned themselves, the parents have to brush up to a certain age so that they are sure that the mouth is clean. Furthermore, supplying low-sugar nutrition to the children is very important. So less chocolate, cola, etc. It is also important to ensure that the bottles that are taken to the bed are sugar-free. Ask your dentist how best to unlearn.
How can you best prepare children for a dental visit?
Visiting a dentist should not be seen as a frightening visit. The parents must ensure that the possible fearful attitude of itself is not visible. With a semi-annual check it is wise to take the child with him so that he gets used to the atmosphere. The child then meets the dentist and 9 out of 10 cases get a toy. This evokes positive things for the child when he / she goes to the dentist than association with the reward would make the ietstje more pleasant.
The choice of a good toothbrush
Use a toothbrush with a small head and soft hairs. Special toothbrushes for babies and toddlers can be bought at the drugstore or supermarket. An age indication is often mentioned on the packaging of these brushes.
Make sure that the hairs of the brush are close to each other, but the brush may not be too hard again. The gums can be damaged by too hard a brush.
A toothbrush must be replaced every three months. If the hairs of the toothbrush start to fray before, you have a chance that you are brushing a bit too hard. Brushing too hard is not good for your teeth.
After brushing, the toothbrush must be cleaned thoroughly.
Sometimes the illusion is created unjustly that a number of good alternatives exist for traveling or traveling to replace toothbrushing, such as chewing gum, finger covers and the chew toothbrush. However, scientific studies show that all of these substances definitely do not provide adequate oral hygiene. It is recommended to brush the teeth 2 times a day for at least 2 minutes. This should preferably be supplemented with 1 time of curing and / or flossing or cutting. *
* Stoking and / or flossing is only necessary with the definitive teeth. Toddlers and preschoolers therefore do not have to stick and / or floss. Two good brushing sessions (with an emphasis on extensive cleaning before bedtime) is sufficient.
In very exceptional cases where tooth brushing is not possible with the aid of a toothbrush, for example after a dental operation, a suitable solution is devised in consultation with the dental hygienist or dentist. Rinsing with chlorhexidine is a possibility. This means was only available on prescription and is now available over the counter.
The choice of a good toothpaste for children
Fluor makes the teeth harder and stronger. It prevents dental decay. The teeth and molars absorb the fluoride from, for example, the special toddler tooth paste. If you brush your baby's teeth regularly (2x per day), you do not need to take extra fluorine tablets, unless the dentist or dental hygienist recommends otherwise.
The correct amount of fluoride for a toddler toothpaste is 0.05 to 0.075%.
In the beginning, just after the breakthrough of the first teeth, it is sufficient to brush once a day. On the tube of toothpaste is the correct amount that you need per cleaning.
When your child is two years old, the daily cleaning sessions are doubled to twice a day.
For toothpaste for young children and children in the transition phase, other compositions of raw materials are often used and less aggressive raw materials are used. This is necessary because milk dentures need different protection than the permanent teeth and molars and also because some young children have a tendency to eat toothpaste. Perhaps this has to do with the fact that children's toothpaste usually has a nice sweet fruit taste and a cheerful color.
Tips and tricks to brush the teeth well
Sing nice toothbrush songs
Tell the story of the tooth fairy
Brush each other's teeth at the same time. You who love your toddler, your toddler yours!
Your child would like to go after monkeys, make use of this.
Brush your own teeth and let him watch.
Make tooth brushing a permanent part of the morning and evening ritual
Good teeth for good digestion
The digestive organs begin in the oral cavity. This includes the tongue and teeth and the exits of the salivary glands.
You need good teeth to chew food properly. It ensures that our food is crushed so that we can swallow it more easily and the enzymes can do their work better.
How does our saliva work?
Your teeth and molars need saliva (spit) to stay moist. They would dry out without saliva and this is not good for a tooth or molar. The saliva keeps your teeth clean and makes sure that you can eat some things better. Try to eat a biscuit with a very dry mouth. Bet you will not get him out? The saliva therefore ensures that your bite is deliciously juicy, so that you can easily swallow it.
But saliva also brings a protective layer around your teeth. And this protective layer helps against cavities! Fortunately, there is always saliva in our mouths. You just have to think about food and automatically take the saliva supply in your mouth ...
The saliva is produced by large salivary glands. Every day 1 to 1.5 liters of saliva is separated! Saliva contains water, mucus and the enzyme saliva amylase. This enzyme starts with the digestion of starch.
Children and the dentist
Obviously you go twice a year to check the dentist and a logical next step is that your child goes along. In a playful way he can go up and down on your lap in the treatment chair, and maybe look carefully with the mirror ... Of course he gets a reward in the form of a toothbrush or a balloon! As your child gets older and has been with you more often, the visit to the dentist becomes a normal routine.
Most children do not suffer from anything but an 'ordinary check' can turn out very differently if it turns out that your child has holes ... You feel guilty, experience a feeling of failure, are angry, maybe even anxious or sad: 'How could this happen? ?! '
Cavities can occur in the milk and permanent teeth. Even though you brush so well and even if you do your best, as a mother you can in some cases not prevent your child from getting holes ...
The milk teeth will be exchanged between the seventh and twelfth year. This creates the final teeth. However, dialects do not come much later (from the eighteenth year). It can also happen that these never come through. The changing of the teeth starts because the root of the tooth dissolves. This causes the tooth or molar to become loose and finally falls out of your mouth. If you look closely at this, you will see that there is indeed no root left.
Nice storage boxes
The teeth and teeth of the permanent teeth are hidden under the milk teeth all this time and will only appear when the tooth or molar is out. Between the beginning of the exchange and the complete adult teeth can sit for six years!
Nowadays there are all kinds of nice storage boxes for sale for the exchanged teeth and molars. You can also have them processed in gold or silver jewelery. A nice souvenir for later.
How did they polish earlier?
People have not always cleaned their teeth. In the past, the teeth were not even polished at all! Or sometimes only once a week ... If they brushed their teeth, they did not do it with a real toothpaste and toothbrush, but with a branch of a medicinal tree or plant. Also salt was what use to brush teeth. In a later period came the first toothbrushes. These were made with animal hair.
Rotten and painful teeth were pulled straight out and many people went through life at that time, without teeth.
Later, these people received dentures instead of their own teeth. It was attached to the mouth with a kind of glue. But with aging, it often did not fit that well anymore. This made it difficult for people to talk.
In parts of Africa poor people still brush their teeth with a twig because toothpaste is too expensive. The ancient Egyptians brushed their teeth with ashes mixed with herbs. Even poor people used to brush their teeth with ashes.