Information about rashes, bumps, skin rashes, pimples and other red spots! Your child awakens you by crying loudly. No alarm bells are coming to you, because it is still early in the morning and usually it wakes you this way. Maybe today it is a little earlier than on other days, but that is not a sign that something special is going on.
Once at the cradle, you can see it immediately. Does he all have red spots in his face? What are those spots? It can be anything. Allergy, heat pimples or a childhood disease?
Because there are so many different bumps, spots, skin rashes and pimples, we have put together a stain guide for you. And if you do not trust it anyway? Then contact your doctor or GP.
In a high percentage of patients with constitutional eczema the condition develops in the first year of life. A red, very itchy, damp rash of the skin appears, with blisters, papules, pimples, chunks, flakes and scabs. In many cases, this rash is in the face and between the head hairs, with the "anesthetic cap area", the area around the mouth and nose, usually affected to a lesser extent.
However, the eczema can also spread to other parts of the body. This condition, also known as dew worm, occurs in about 10-15% of infants and toddlers. The itching that causes the eczema causes frequent crying in children. In most children, eczema disappears around the age of 3 to 4 years.
Eating certain products can lead to exacerbation of the eczema. This is almost exclusively the case with babies. A patient with constitutional eczema can also have a food allergy; both are an expression of an atopic predisposition. Only when a food allergy has been diagnosed, dietary measures are useful.
Cow's milk products and chicken eggs are the main activators.
Eczema is a collective term for a large number of different skin diseases that are only partly related to each other, and of many forms the cause is still poorly known.
Most, but not all, eczema itch, but not all itchy disorders are eczema. Other common symptoms are: redness, scaling. Often also bumps, sometimes blisters.
It is precisely the simultaneous occurrence of multiple symptoms that matches eczema.
Eczema is not contagious. If the skin is not treated properly, bacteria may appear on the skin that are contagious. These are wounds where pus comes out. However, the eczema itself is not contagious.
There are many types of eczema and allergies, ask your doctor how to best deal with this.
Meningitis or meningitis, also known as a misleading nerve disaster, is an inflammation of the protective membranes around the brain and spinal cord, the so-called meninges.
Inflammation can be caused by infection with viruses, bacteria or other microorganisms, or by certain medicines, although the latter occurs less frequently. Meningitis can be life-threatening because the inflammation is close to the brain and spinal cord. Therefore, the condition is considered a medical emergency.
The most common symptoms of meningitis are headache and neck stiffness combined with fever, confusion or altered consciousness, vomiting and hypersensitivity to light (photophobia) or loud sounds (phonophobia). Children often show only non-specific symptoms, such as irritability and drowsiness. If there is a skin rash, this may indicate a certain cause of meningitis; meningitis due to meningococcus, for example, can be accompanied by a characteristic skin rash.
Babies, children and young adults are most at risk of developing meningitis. People with a cochlear implant also have an increased risk of meningitis.
In children, the first symptoms, according to a large-scale study, are usually those of blood poisoning: high fever, but cold hands and feet, pain in the legs (discomfort when standing and walking!) And an unusual pallor of the skin.
Small children often do not show the above symptoms, and are sometimes only irritable and look sick.  In babies, meningitis can be even more treacherous: no longer want to drink, listless, moan, pale, pain when waking, skin bleeds (a late symptom). Sometimes fever is not present. Babies with such symptoms, or those who consume less than half of the normal daily diet, must be seen by a doctor. In babies up to 6 months, the fontanel (the soft spot on the head of a baby) can protrude. Other features that distinguish meningitis from minor illnesses in young children are leg pain, cold limbs and abnormal skin color.
The first treatment of acute meningitis consists of directly administered antibiotics and sometimes antiviral drugs. Corticosteroids can also be used to prevent complications due to excessive inflammation.
Raisin is a skin rash that often starts in the face or neck, but can occur anywhere on the body, from the hairy head to the soles of the feet.
Initially, bumps appear that quickly change into vesicles that break down and from which fluid flows that solidifies into honey-yellow transparent crusts.
Sometimes blisters with clear moisture can also occur (impetigo bullosa).
Many people carry the bacterium in the nose or throat without being ill. The bacterium can be spread by coughing and sneezing. By scratching and frying, the bacteria gets the fingers and can easily infect themselves in other places or other people. Contamination takes place through direct contact. Other children become infected through direct contact or via toys, for example. This can also take place via clothing or towels. Hygiene is a good way to prevent spread, often washing hands is recommended. As long as the vesicles secrete fluid, the patient remains contagious.
The best remedy for currant beards is not to scratch the blisters, which can be a problem due to the sometimes occurring itching. In order to reduce the itch, zinc ointment (zinc oxide) can help in the affected areas, which has the additional advantage that the vesicles dry faster. With the drying out process, currant beards usually cures automatically.
Diaper rash is a condition that occurs in babies. It mainly occurs in skin folds, such as the fold of the legs and groin. Moisture (urine) that acts on the skin is the most important factor in this. The use of disposable diapers is much less common than with cotton diapers.
Diaper rash is characterized by fiery redness in skin folds of the diaper area, often with a rather abrupt transition to normal skin. The affected skin is often somewhat wet, and erosive (abrasion-like).
Protect the skin from moisture by changing the diaper more often. If zinc ointment is applied with every change, it is often sufficient. Sometimes a cream with an antifungal agent can also be used, such as ketoconazole or miconazole.
Measles (morbilli) is a disease caused by the measles virus and especially affects children.
The disease starts with a high fever, painful cough, red eyes and a runny nose. After about two days the temperature drops and then rises again. After that, white spots with a red edge appear on the inside of the cheek (spots of Koplik). Behind the ears and at the hairline there is a rash that has spread over the entire body within a few days. After three to five days, the skin rashes and the temperature drops.
The incubation period of measles is 7 to 14 days. It is a very contagious virus that only occurs in humans.
The measles virus is in the nose and throat of infected people. The virus is spread through the air (coughing, sneezing, talking).
A person is contagious from about 4 days before the appearance of the disease symptoms. A person is already contagious before he feels sick or looks sick.
There is no treatment against measles. After 1 week, the symptoms of measles usually disappear spontaneously again. If complications occur, medication and / or hospitalization is required.
Hives is a common skin reaction. A large part of the population will sometimes be confronted with this in the course of his / her life. The causes vary and the condition occurs at all ages, both in men and in women.
Hives is a rapidly developing, often violent itchy rash of the skin, starting with red spots and then passing in thickened, pale spots. The different spots may or may not coalesce into larger flat placards. It is also typical that they can disappear within a few hours and reappear elsewhere. Hives is not contagious.
Usually it will automatically turn into one or two weeks. Until then, the complaints with an antihistamine can be suppressed. In chronic urticaria (which lasts longer than six weeks), further research may be necessary. The most important source of information is the patient. The instructions in the story determine which possible causes should be investigated. The number of possible causes is unlimited, in contrast to the number of tests that can be performed.
Red dog or rubella is a mostly harmless viral childhood disease caused by the rubella virus.
Reddog is characterized after an incubation period of 14 to 21 days by mounted lymph nodes behind the ears, followed by rashes with red spots. This rash begins on the face and in the neck, after which it spreads to the trunk and limbs. Fever, conjunctivitis and joint complaints also occur. In general, the infected people hardly become ill and the disease is quickly over.
In general, the infected people hardly become ill and the disease is quickly over.
The chance of complications or a serious course is very small. Nonetheless, everyone in the Netherlands is vaccinated against rubella because passing through the disease at the beginning of the pregnancy can lead to severe birth defects of the fruit.
Scarlet fever, scarlet dead or scarlatina is a relatively rare infectious disease caused by the toxins of hemolytic streptococci group A, common bacteria.
The course of the disease is sudden fever and sore throat, headaches, nausea and vomiting, one day after the outbreak of the disease, dark red specks appear on the skin at hot areas, sometimes itchy, markedly red cheeks, 'reddish mask': white triangle around the mouth and underneath the nose. The spots and fever disappear after five days. At the peak of the disease, the tongue is bright red and swollen ("strawberry tongue"), the patient has no appetite, and perspires a lot. After the illness, a considerable moult occurs in general.
The incubation period is 2 to 4 days. It can occur at any age, but is most common in the age of 3-12 years. Contamination takes place through direct contact with a sick person or by coughing. Contamination risk exists from the beginning of the complaints until the moment that the spots have disappeared.
Spontaneous healing without residual injuries (after a few days)
Possibly antibiotics, streptococci are without exception susceptible to ordinary penicillin. This is only useful within 2-3 days after the start of the disease because afterwards the toxins have already been produced by the bacteria.
The child gets small and large spots together, sometimes slightly elevated above the normal skin and bright red in color, first in the face, then on the buttocks, arms, legs and torso. The skin glows and feels warm. The spots can itch. The child can be a hanger and have a slight increase. Blemishes fade in four to six days. Usually the child is hardly ill.
The disease can go as an epidemic and last for some time. The virus spreads through small moisture droplets, from the nasal and pharynx of the sick child, which float through the air.
The carrier is contagious in the week prior to the disease. After this no longer. The incubation time is about ten days. The disease often goes unnoticed.
Menthol gel can be used against the itching.
In case of a severe burning sensation, painkillers can be given. Causal treatment is not possible. The result is gone after five to nine days, but can come back under the influence of heat, cold, effort or stress. Adults can also go through the disease if this did not happen during childhood.
Red spots on the skin that are more visible when your child just comes out of bed or bath. They are usually on the back, chest, in the groin and on the buttocks. The medical name for sweat swelling, sweat bumps, heat bubbles or heat dissipation is miliaria. This is a skin rash that occurs in hot, humid conditions. The rash is usually not serious, but it can cause itching and discomfort.
The best treatment for any form of miliaria or heat pads is to avoid the triggers. Miliaria will pass automatically. In some cases, the doctor may prescribe a medicine to alleviate the symptoms.
Keep the skin dry and cool and avoid perspiration by avoiding hot and humid conditions. Cooling gels and lotions (available at the drug store) can give relief to the itchy complaints.
Chickenpox (Varicella) is an infectious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. It is one of the classic childhood diseases. Other names are chickenpox and vine pox. This disease is caused by infection with the virus, usually by coughing or physical contact. After a prodromal phase of some fever and cold-like symptoms lasting a few days, small red spots first appear, which after about a day change into small fluid-filled blisters on a red surface, everywhere on the body, often first in the body. the neck. Characteristic are the blisters on the hairy head. The number can vary from less than ten to hundreds. After about a week, most blisters have also disappeared.
The incubation period is 13 to 18 days (from 10 to 21 days). The disease is very contagious; in a temperate climate, almost everyone (more than 95%) makes it to him for the twelfth birthday. In the (sub) tropics this is only fifty percent.
To minimize the risk of scars, scratching should be avoided as much as possible. In case of very severe itching, an anti-histaminic may be given. Sprinkling Menthol talcum powder on the chickenpox should be avoided as this can cause scarring. Nowadays more and more use is made of cooling creams. Healing is also accelerated by applying dehydrating remedies to smallpox. In case of severe course, aciclovir is sometimes administered.
The sixth disease or exanthema subitum is a common childhood disease that typically occurs in children aged 9 to 12 months. By the age of 2 years almost 80% of the children have gone through the infection, whether or not asymptomatic.
The disease is caused by the human herpes virus type 6, a virus that is related to the pathogen of the cold sore and of genital herpes.
The incubation time is 10 to 15 days. The disease is contagious until the moment that the rash has disappeared (there is discussion about the period of contagiousness, GPs also indicate that after the outbreak (appearance of the red spots) the disease is no longer contagious).
There is no specific treatment or vaccine for this virus. The possible treatment is therefore supportive but the disease generally has only mild symptoms and heals spontaneously after a few days. Paracetamol can be used to relieve fever and discomfort.