Brushing teeth and oral care

Good dental care is important. For you but also for your child. As soon as the first teeth come through, it is very important that they are cared for: That is brushing teeth. First of all, a radiant white tooth is of course a beautiful face, but strong teeth with a good chewing function is also important for your digestion. Fortunately, you can do a lot yourself to keep your teeth beautiful and strong. And young learned is done old!

Development 0-4 years

The overview below shows the development from 0 to 4 years. On this you can see exactly when you have to do something. From mouth inspection to brushing teeth! But also other tips about good oral care.

4 - 12 weeks
Mouth habitsMouth inspection for possible deviations
3 - 6 months
ToothbrushingFrom breaking the teeth: brush twice a day with a pea fluoridetoddlertoothpaste.
BreakthroughBreakthrough first tooth: pain relief with chilled teether (not from the freezer compartment) or with Chamodent or Dentinox. By pharmacy is also called mixtura lidocaini hydrochloride 2% prescribed.
Mouth habitsDo not bring baby bottle to bed to prevent mouth breathing. Remove finger, thumb and teat from the mouth after sleeping. If necessary, reduce night food (bottle / breast).
12 - 24 months
Mouth habitsFrom 9 months of drinking from a regular cup in connection with baby bottle caries, infantile swallowing habit and growth of the jaw, position of the teeth and the development of the muscles. A spout cup can be used as an intermediate step between the bottle and the beaker for a short period.
ToothbrushingVaried food, not adding sugar, honey or sweeteners. Limiting snacks to a maximum of 3 times per day. Preferably brush the teeth in the evening after the last feeding or meal.
2 to 4 years
Mouth habitsEliminate thumb or finger sucking, mouth breathing and pacifier use. No more feeding bottle, stimulate nasal breathing and close the lips.
foodEliminate thumb or finger sucking, mouth breathing and pacifier use. No more feeding bottle, stimulate nasal breathing and close the lips.
FluorideUp to 4 years brushing twice a day with a pea fluoridetoddlertoothpaste. (500-750 ppm fluoride)
MedicinesWatch sugars in medicines. Brush teeth only after taking sweet medicines (eg cough), mouthwashes after taking acidic medicines (eg vitamin C).
Dentist visitFrom the 2nd year on, every six months control.
ToothbrushingUse a soft toothbrush with a small brush head (toddler toothbrush). Brush the teeth twice a day, according to the short scrubbing method. Use a pout of toothpaste on the toothbrush. Rinsing with water is not necessary with a toddler toothpaste. Have a parent to clean their teeth once a day (preferably in the evening).

The first teeth

The first teeth appear when your child is about 5 to 6 months old. Some children are not bothered by this at all and you notice it only when you can see the tooth that has come through. Other children can become a bit weepy and have a little more whining. Your baby may sleep worse because he is suffering from the pain, he may also suffer from diarrhea and fever (although experts contradict each other about this). There are some remedies to ease the pain a bit. As soon as the tooth is gone, all the ailments disappear as quickly as they have come.

A complete milk teeth

A baby does not need teeth yet because he only drinks milk. You do not see any teeth with a baby, but they are definitely there! Only they are hidden under the gums for the first time. About half a year after birth, the first teeth will come through. At about 3 years of age, the milk bite is complete.
The first teeth are called milk teeth. A complete milk set consists of 20 elements. Per jaw half we find:

  • 2 incisors
  • 1 canine
  • 2 milk picking

A fully mature set of teeth

The milk teeth will be exchanged between the seventh and twelfth year. This creates the final teeth. However, dialects do not come much later (from the eighteenth year). It can also happen that these never come through.
A complete set of teeth consists of 32 elements. In every jaw we encounter from front to back:

  • 2 incisors
  • 1 canine
  • 2 false ones
  • 3 to choose true (the last is the wisdom tooth)

How do the first teeth come through?

With six months you can expect the first tooth. With each child the order in which the teeth appear differs, but below is an overview with the average sequence.

Average ageKind of tooth
6 monthsDown front
6.5 monthsDown front
7 monthsUp front
8 monthsAll upper teeth
9 monthsOther down front teeth
12 monthsFirst choose
18 monthsChoose four
20 monthsFour fangs
24 monthsChoose last four

Problems with the passage of teeth

The pain in the passage of a tooth is caused by the gums that spill over the running tooth. In addition, in the same period the protection against bacteria that your child automatically received from you. Now he has to make his own antibodies. At this moment, his resistance is therefore slightly lower.


If your child is a bit of a hanger, lethargic or, tearfully, it can naturally come from a passing tooth - do not, however, automatically draw this conclusion. Your child can of course also be 'sick'. If you do not trust it, go to the doctor for safety with your child. Do this in any case if your child has had a fever for three days.

Fire-red cheeks

Other signals for the passage of teeth are fiery red cheeks, more drooling and more of a need for chewing and sucking to ease the pain in the gums. Your baby may sleep worse because he is suffering from the pain, he may also suffer from diarrhea and fever (although experts contradict each other about this).
Once the tooth is through, all the ailments will disappear again just as quickly as they came.

Relieve the pain of passing teeth

Preventing your child from hurting, unfortunately, does not work, but you can ease the pain a bit. This can be done in the following way:


Massage the place of the breakthrough gently with your finger, you can also use the convex side of a teaspoon.
Let your child bite on a teether or rattle.
More chewing and sucking can ease the pain a bit. You can give your child some raw vegetables or chilled fruit for this. However, do not leave your child alone if you give him this, because he might suffocate. Other alternatives for sabbling are: breadstick, biscuit, peeled apple, celery stick, peeled cucumber, cleaned carrot, wholemeal biscuit or toddler biscuit, et cetera.

Any medication

If you have a fever, you can give your child a paracetamol suppositor (120 mg) in consultation with your doctor or pharmacy.
Use medicinal drops that contain lidocaine (Dentinox), this substance numb a little bit of the gums, which makes the pain a bit less. You can repeat this up to four times a day. Bear in mind that your child may not eat or drink for three-quarters of an hour after treatment. You can buy the drug at the drugstore or pharmacy. Read the instructions carefully before use.
If you want to suppress the pain for homeopathic treatment, you can use Chamodent tablets or drops. When you choose the tablets, keep in mind that the tablets must first be finely ground before you can grease the gums.


Whether it is a milk teeth or adult teeth, it is necessary to keep the teeth clean. This can be achieved by carefully brushing twice a day with a toothbrush and toothpaste.

Do not brush your teeth yourself

At first your child can not brush himself, so you will have to do this for him. From a year or two he can try it himself. He can make a stub himself, after which you serve him.


Napoens remains important until the age of 10 years! Brushing teeth should be just as natural as showering and dressing.
By brushing properly, all leftovers of food and drink are taken away from your mouth. In this way, these leftovers do not have a chance to form plaque - and thus cause cavities - and the teeth stay strong.

Fixed times

Brush the teeth the best at fixed times. The best times are after breakfast and before bedtime. The cleansing before bedtime is actually the most important. Try to take the time for that. With a full set of teeth a brushing of about 2 minutes is recommended. It is important to give your child no more food or drink (milk!) After brushing.

Stoker and / or flossing

Stoking and / or flossing is only necessary with the definitive teeth. Toddlers and preschoolers therefore do not have to stick and / or floss. Two good cleaning events (with the emphasis on cleaning before going to sleep) is sufficient.

The choice of a good toothbrush

Use a toothbrush with a small head and soft hairs. Special toothbrushes for babies and toddlers can be bought at the drugstore or supermarket. An age indication is often mentioned on the packaging of these brushes.

Watch the hairs

Make sure that the hairs of the brush are close to each other, but the brush may not be too hard again. The gums can be damaged by too hard a brush.
A toothbrush must be replaced every three months. If the hairs of the toothbrush start to fray before, you have a chance that you are brushing a bit too hard. Brushing too hard is not good for your teeth.

Keep it clean!

After brushing, the toothbrush must be cleaned thoroughly.
Sometimes the illusion is created unjustly that a number of good alternatives exist for traveling or traveling to replace brushing teeth, such as chewing gum, finger covers and the chew toothbrush. However, scientific studies show that all of these substances definitely do not provide adequate oral hygiene. It is recommended to brush the teeth 2 times a day for at least 2 minutes. This should preferably be supplemented with 1 time of curing and / or flossing or cutting. *


In very exceptional cases where brushing with a toothbrush is not seen, for example after a dental operation, a suitable solution is devised in consultation with the dental hygienist or dentist. Rinsing with chlorhexidine is a possibility. This means was only available on prescription and is now available over the counter.

* Stoking and / or flossing is only necessary with the definitive teeth. Toddlers and preschoolers therefore do not have to stick and / or floss. Two good cleaning events (with an emphasis on extensive cleaning before bedtime) is sufficient.

The choice of a good toothpaste for children

Fluor makes the teeth harder and stronger. It prevents dental decay. The teeth and molars absorb the fluoride from, for example, the special toddler tooth paste. If you brush your baby's teeth regularly (2x per day), you do not need to take extra fluorine tablets, unless the dentist or dental hygienist recommends otherwise.
The correct amount of fluoride for a toddler toothpaste is 0.05 to 0.075%.

How often?

In the beginning, just after the breakthrough of the first teeth, it is sufficient to brush once a day. On the tube of toothpaste is the correct amount that you need per cleaning.
When your child is two years old, the daily cleaning sessions are doubled to twice a day.


For toothpaste for young children and children in the transition phase, other compositions of raw materials are often used and less aggressive raw materials are used. This is necessary because milk dentures need different protection than the permanent teeth and molars and also because some young children have a tendency to eat toothpaste. Perhaps this has to do with the fact that children's toothpaste usually has a nice sweet fruit taste and a cheerful color.

Tips and tricks to brush the teeth well

  • Sing nice toothbrush songs
  • Tell the story of the tooth fairy
  • Brush each other's teeth at the same time. You who love your toddler, your toddler yours!
  • Your child would like to go after monkeys, make use of this.
  • Brush your own teeth and let him watch.
  • Make brushing a permanent part of the morning and evening ritual

Good teeth for good digestion

The digestive organs begin in the oral cavity. This includes the tongue and teeth and the exits of the salivary glands.
You need good teeth to chew food properly. It ensures that our food is crushed so that we can swallow it more easily and the enzymes can do their work better.

How does our saliva work?

Your teeth and molars need saliva (spit) to stay moist. They would dry out without saliva and this is not good for a tooth or molar. The saliva keeps your teeth clean and makes sure that you can eat some things better. Try to eat a biscuit with a very dry mouth. Bet you will not get him out? The saliva therefore ensures that your bite is deliciously juicy, so that you can easily swallow it.
But saliva also brings a protective layer around your teeth. And this protective layer helps against cavities! Fortunately, there is always saliva in our mouths. You just have to think about food and automatically take the saliva supply in your mouth ...


The saliva is produced by large salivary glands. Every day 1 to 1.5 liters of saliva is separated! Saliva contains water, mucus and the enzyme saliva amylase. This enzyme starts with the digestion of starch.

How did they polish earlier?

People have not always cleaned their teeth. In the past, the teeth were not even polished at all! Or sometimes only once a week ... If they brushed their teeth, they did not do it with a real toothpaste and toothbrush, but with a branch of a medicinal tree or plant. Also salt was what use to brush teeth. In a later period came the first toothbrushes. These were made with animal hair.

Without teeth

Rotten and painful teeth were pulled straight out and many people went through life at that time, without teeth.
Later, these people received dentures instead of their own teeth. It was attached to the mouth with a kind of glue. But with aging, it often did not fit that well anymore. This made it difficult for people to talk.
In parts of Africa poor people still brush their teeth with a twig because toothpaste is too expensive. The ancient Egyptians brushed their teeth with ashes mixed with herbs. Even poor people used to brush their teeth with ashes.

Video: Dental Care for Teeth & Gums : How to Brush Your Teeth

Leave Your Comment