The hygiene of your baby - What should you pay attention to?
Your baby is lying comfortably in your arms, you look at him in awe. You realize that it is time to wash him. The first week everything went well, the maternity nurse was there to help you. But the maternity days are over and now you can do everything yourself. But how did it go with all those rules about good hygiene? What should be washed and what should you pay attention to? How do you prepare the baby wash? What do you prepare? No need, here is a crash course "Baby care".
Hygiene - The care of his skin
Your baby's skin is a perfect package that protects him from illness, heat and cold. But it is therefore important that this skin is intact to prevent bacteria from entering. Give, therefore, during the washing, the folds and wrinkles extra attention and walk them with a (cotton) washcloth after this as the hotbeds for bacteria can be.
Your baby loves a bath because it reminds him of the time he was still floating around in the womb. Before you give your baby a bath, first check whether you have everything at your fingertips. Items you need are:
bath, bath thermometer, clean towel / hydrophilic diaper (s), bathrobe or extra hydrophilic diaper to wrap up your baby, clean clothes, clean diaper, lotion wipes and bath oil (and after a few months a mild baby soap).
Your child can get tired of his warm bath. You can therefore choose to hold the bath session in the evening, so that your child can sleep well.
In the first months you can only do a dash of baby oil in the bath water. With this oil you keep the skin of your child soft and supple and you prevent dehydration. Do not use soap, soap reduces the effect of the bath oil.
Mild bath soap
After a month or three, four, you can switch to a mild baby soap. After the bath you can rub your baby dry with a lace diaper (hydrophilic diaper). These diapers absorb more moisture than a towel, are softer and with the thin fabric you can easily (er) in all skin folds to make them well dry. After drying you can carefully sprinkle a little bit of powder into the skin folds. To prevent the powder from entering the eyes, nose or mouth undesirably, you can first sprinkle it on a gauze and then dab it in the folds.
Do not use powder in combination with ointment, these can become lumps.
You can also rub your baby with a baby body lotion or (with dry skin) with a greasy skin cream.
Protect outside too
Protect your child's skin when going outside. In winter, the bleak wind can damage its delicate skin and in the summer months the sun can damage its skin. Lubricate a skin cream on his face in the winter months before going outside. Always use a sunscreen with a high protection factor during the summer months. Even if your child is only in the shade.
When washing do not try to remove the foreskin of your son, this is still adhered and then the skin can tear. The foreskin can become even narrower due to the tearing.
The skin of a baby is very sensitive because the protective layer is still insufficiently developed. Therefore always opt for a neutral, mild baby soap. The regular use of bath oil keeps the baby's skin supple and protects it from drying out. Despite proper care, the skin can cause problems. If your child has dry or oily skin and he keeps - despite normal daily care - complaints, it is wise to contact a (family) doctor. Even if after the use of a product a serious allergic reaction occurs (redness, swelling, itching) or when the skin is inflamed (pus, pain, red wounds).
Frequently occurring skin problems are:
The skin is rough with flakes and can be tense and tight.
During your stay in your womb, your child also received some hormones from you in addition to antibodies. These hormones can cause your baby to get pimples in the face, similar to pimples during puberty.
That is why you regularly had the face of your child. With good hygiene you can prevent dirt from entering the cracked pimples and creating dirty pimples.
If you do not trust it, always consult your doctor.
Dew worm is not contagious but it itches horribly. Your child can open up until bleeding. You can rub your child with soothing creams and ointments to keep his skin soft, supple and moist. For example, in bath you can use a medicinal bath oil (instead of soap). If the itchiness of your child is no longer tolerable, your doctor may prescribe a hormone cream. If your child has scrawled the eczema and becomes inflamed, an antibiotic may be needed.
Softening Dew worm
Dew worm is not contagious but it itches horribly. Your child can open up until bleeding.
You can rub your child with soothing creams and ointments to keep his skin soft, supple and moist. For example, in bath you can use a medicinal bath oil (instead of soap).
If the itchiness of your child is no longer tolerable, your doctor may prescribe a hormone cream.
If your child has scrawled the eczema and becomes inflamed, an antibiotic may be needed.
You can further soften the suffering a little by:
- Do not dress your child too warmly (and do not cover them too hot at night)
- Use as little scented soap and detergents as possible and always use a complete rinsing program
- Your child to wear cotton clothes
- Keep his nails short so that he can not scratch himself open (at night you can put his washcloths or mittens on the scribbling)
- Maybe it is necessary to put your pet away
- An allergy to cow's milk protein can also be a cause of the eczema, consult your doctor
- If you do not trust it, always consult your doctor.
Hygiene - The care of the navel
After birth, the umbilical stump is soft, yellowish and jelly-like. It has to dry out in the first days and will slowly become harder and black. After about 7 days the stump falls off.
To allow the umbilical stump to dry, air has to be added. Clean the stump every time with a gauze with alcohol. You do not have to tie any mesh around, try to tie the diaper so that it does not come over the navel.
Sometimes an umbilical stump can ignite, this stinks then and the navelhofje is red and set up (there may also be pus in it). Clean with alcohol with every change. If the navel is nicely dry, you do not have to pay extra attention to it.
Every time your child has pooped or peed in his diaper, you have to change his diaper. For example, you can do it before (or after) every diet. That way you can (almost) not forget. Of course, a puffy diaper must be changed immediately.
The change can be up to six or seven times a day. In the case of a girl, the pubic lips can be completely buried with a puffy diaper. This can be cleaned with lukewarm water
You do not have to push the lips open completely, but you have to clean properly where you can.
You can clean the buttocks with lukewarm water or wipes that are soaked in a special baby lotion. Then dry the buttocks well, you can best use a cotton (hydrophilic) diaper.
If your child suffers a bit of diaper rash, it is best to smear the buttocks with zinc ointment (for children) twice a day (after changing the clothes).
Watch young boys on the position of his dick before you do his diaper. His little one has to point down, otherwise he can pee over his diaper. In that case his whole romper will get wet and you have to change it completely.
Hygiene - Teeth
Good dental care is important. For you but also for your baby. As soon as the first teeth come through, it is very important that they are cared for.
First of all, a radiant white tooth is of course a beautiful face, but strong teeth with a good chewing function is also important for your digestion.
Fortunately, you can do a lot yourself to keep your teeth beautiful and strong. And young learned is done old!
The first teeth appear when your baby is about 5 to 6 months old. Some children are not bothered by this at all and you notice it only when you can see the tooth that has come through. Other children can become a bit weepy and have a little more whining.
Your baby may sleep worse because he is suffering from the pain, he may also suffer from diarrhea and fever (although experts contradict each other about this).
There are some remedies to ease the pain a bit. Once the tooth is through, all the ailments will disappear again just as quickly as they came.
Hygiene - Hairs
The scalp of your child is (still) thin and sensitive, so use a mild baby shampoo for washing his hair. Too much sebum production due to an aggressive shampoo can result in 'mountain'. Berg is a kind of yellowish little hill (hide) of skin peelers on the head of your child. Rubbing, brushing or scribbling does not help to get it away. Lubricate your baby's head with baby oil or Vaseline before going to sleep. The next morning you can then remove the flakes with a washcloth.
Washing once or twice a week is sufficient. After washing you can do some hair lotion in his hair.
Then brush the hairs of your child with a soft brush.
You will be amazed at how quickly your baby's nails grow. They have to be kept regularly, otherwise the nails are pointed and your child can scratch himself open.
You can cut the nails, with a special baby scissors with blunt tips. If you find this scary, you can also file the nails carefully with a cardboard file.
Because insufficient tears are still being produced in your child to wash away all the dust, it can happen that the tear ducts get clogged. These dirt deposits can lead to eye inflammation. An eye infection can last for about two weeks. If you do not trust it, always consult your (house) doctor.
You can keep the eyes clean by rubbing the upper eyelid from the outside to the nose every day with a clean cotton ball dipped in cooled boiled water. Use a separate cotton ball per eye. If your child suffers from crusts, do not scratch them away. It is better to humidify the spots with the cooled boiled water so that they eventually release themselves.
You can clean the ears with a cotton ball that you dip in oil or water. You may only clean the outside and inside of the ear. Also you see further in the ear, earwax sitting, then you just have to let this sit. Earwax gives natural protection to the eardrum.
With the use of (for example) tips in the ear (ear canal), you run the risk of causing an infection, so do not use cotton swabs.
Do not use nasal spray for the nose, the spray can damage the nasal mucosa. You can clean his nose with a rolled up cotton ball, soaked in saline (physiological serum) or cooled boiled water.
Use other resources only on doctor's advice.