The risks of a hot summer day

Wonderful are these summer days. Do you also enjoy it? So often we are not so richly endowed in the Netherlands, so let us enjoy it as much as possible. Before you know it, the weather has turned and we are floating away with our loungers. During the day a lot outside, plenty of vitamin D sniff, in the evening the BBQ and then especially long enjoy the sultry summer evenings. With or without wine. With or without crackling wood from a campfire, torch or fire basket. This gives an ultimate holiday feeling, you do not have to go abroad.

To burn

Are Summer days just fine? If you keep paying attention, there are a few important things that you have to keep an eye on and that I can not warn of enough. For example, the care of our skin. Both our own skin and that of our children, whose skin is much more vulnerable. Of course, you have to expose very young children (up to three years) to the sun as little as possible, but prevention is not the case.

Sun protection

A good sun protection for those delicate skin is extremely important. If children are not properly or not sufficiently lubricated, the consequences are quickly visible. The delicate skin is still little accustomed and burning is lurking. If we burn ourselves, that is annoying but our own stupid fault. If the skin of your child burns, he can not do anything about it. He can not protect himself yet and the risks are unknown to him. We must therefore protect our skin as well as possible. After all, burnt skin does not only hurt, it also significantly increases the risk of (skin) cancer. So continue to lubricate with a good protection factor! And prefer to wear UV-resistant clothing.

In the car

Today I read it again in the newspaper. Again three children were rescued from the car. Fortunately they survived, but this could have ended differently. Every year, several children worldwide die from the effects of overheating in a closed car. By parents who 'just' started to do a message. How can you leave your children? Still separate from other risks. Have you ever been in a car at these summer temperatures? A stationary car works as a sort of conservatory. The sun heats up the air through the glass and because the car is closed, the heat can not go anywhere, causing the temperature to rise at a rapid pace. Leaving a window helps a little bit, but not nearly enough. The color of the car also has no influence whatsoever. A black car is just as hot as a white one.

Ascending temperatures

If the outside temperature rises to 30 degrees, it is no less than 48 degrees in the car after about 30 minutes! Did you know that when the temperature rises above 42 degrees, the proteins can start to solidify in your body? In adults it takes a while for your whole body to reach 42 degrees, but in babies and children this goes much faster. Needless to say, this also applies to our pets! Last weekend two dogs died unnecessarily.

Temp outsideIn the car after 10 min.In the car after 30 min.
24 ° C34 ° C43 ° C
30 ° C40 ° C48 ° C
32 ° C43 ° C51 ° C

It is therefore vital to never leave your children in the car, but never really. Not even if you're going to 'just send a message'. Because 'even' takes 10 minutes quickly and 10 minutes can be too late for your child.

In the pram

Not only the car is a risk for children. Never put the pram in the sun and do not put a blanket over it. The temperature under the blanket is just as fast as in the car, because in this case the blanket, the heat can not go away. So it is the same effect as in a car. It is very important that enough fresh air can reach your child.

No water bottle in the car

It sounds almost unbelievable but it is really true. Do not put a bottle of water in the full sunlight in your car. The water in the bottle starts to work like a magnifying glass and causes fire. By means of a test by Oklahoma's Midwest City Fire Department, it has been possible to measure that the sunlight amplifies the heat through the water bottle by 120 degrees. The fire develops relatively slowly, but of course you can better prevent it by putting the bottle out of sight.

Day to the beach

The weather is nice and you go to the beach for a day. On the beach you see a red flag fluttering. Any idea what this means? Maybe you immediately think 'red = danger.' Then you're okay. The red flag means that it is forbidden to bathe or swim. But there are more flags. We put them in a row for you, because it can be useful to know the meaning of these flags that the rescue brigade uses.

Meaning flags on the beach

Orange windsock - You can bathe and swim. But the use of floating objects (rubber boats, air mattresses, swimming belts) is prohibited because of the risk of drifting.
Yellow flag - It is dangerous to bathe or swim. Usually this has to do with the weather. Floating objects are forbidden.
Red flag - It is forbidden to bathe or swim.
Red-yellow flag - The area between the two flags is a monitored bathing area. Lifeguards supervise within this zone. Water sports is prohibited in this zone.
Black and white checkered flag - In the zone between the two flags you are allowed to do water sports.
Question mark flag - A child has been found.

Do not lose your child

It happened on a busy beach. You lose sight of your child for two seconds and he has disappeared. In most cases you will probably find it again soon, but if you go the wrong way when searching, it can still be a tricky story.

No floating objects into the sea

I grew up on the coast and my parents always warned me never to go into the sea with floating things. So no airbed, no pool, no killer whale (which you did not have at that time) or butterflies. The sea can not be compared to a swimming pool. You can not drift in a pool, but at sea. Especially when there is a certain current, you can drift in no time towards the high seas. Just do not take any risks and never use this kind of fun in the sea. The sea is fun for paddling, biting over the wave jumps and swimming small pieces.

Jellyfish bite

Is there an East wind? Then chances are that there are jellyfish in the sea. You are swimming and suddenly you feel a burning pain. Ohjee ... a jellyfish! Actually biting do not jellyfish at all but poison comes from their tentacles. If you swim against that, you're just the fucker. There are nettle cells with poison on these tentacles. The stitch is accompanied by pain, itching and redness. The seriousness of the complaint depends a bit on the type and amount of poison that has ended up on your skin. If you are stung by multiple jellyfish, the symptoms can increase with headaches, breathing problems and vomiting. You can even get shocked!

Care of jellyfish bite

Never rinse the bite with fresh water. Fresh water can activate the remnants of the nematocysts, as a result of which they still inject poison. Salt water is no problem.
Remove any remnants of tentacles with tweezers and / or gloves. Clean the bite with vinegar and continue to rub the skin for half an hour.
To make sure that all nematocysts have been removed, lubricate the skin with shaving foam and then shave it with a razor blade.
Then lubricate the spot with azaron.
Do not you all this at hand? What in itself is not so crazy, go to the first aid post of the rescue brigade. They can help you further.

Food poisoning

Nice to hear that warm weather, but keep in mind that the chance of food poisoning in the summer is greater? We eat relatively more raw products so that the chance of infection is greater. Not only that piece of chicken that is removed too quickly from the bbq is a potential disease maker, also fresh fruit and lettuce are often a source of contamination in norovirus outbreaks. Nobody is waiting for a huge stomach flu. Because stomach flu at these temperatures can dry your body pretty quickly!

Every year, some 190,000 people become infected with the rotavirus, 60,000 of them are children under five years of age. Symptoms are fever, nausea, vomiting and water-thin diarrhea that can last for about 4 to 6 days. The rotavirus can be sustained due to poor hygiene. The contagiousness lasts 1 to 3 weeks after the onset of the complaints.

Cooling in the inland waters

Sounds like a dip in puddle, river, canal or ditch, but this can be pretty dangerous. In shipping channels, bridges, locks and harbors there is a swimming ban but also in channels it is prohibited and in the vicinity of waiting places or mooring places for ships. Swimmers are almost invisible to skippers, nor can a ship move so easily. Swimmers are quickly sucked by the strong undercurrent of a passing ship.

Blue algae

And then you have found a safe inland waterway and then it is covered in blue algae. Blue algae are not actually algae or algae but they are bacteria. Some blue algae are poisonous and cause a lot of nuisance in the summer. Blue-green algae (also known as cyanobacteria) are microscopic organisms that occur all over the world in fresh and salt water and on the sediment. If the cells break down, the algae will turn blue or reddish brown.

Some blue algae are poisonous, if you swim between them the toxins can enter your body through your mouth and make you sick. Children are much more sensitive to this, but pets can also become seriously ill. Blue algae irritates your eyes or skin, but can also cause headaches and cause stomach and intestinal complaints. In some cases you even have to deal with larger health problems. Have you been in contact with blue-green algae? Then rinse as well as possible under the shower. Showering is always recommended after swimming in nature.

Fortunately, Rijkswaterstaat keeps a close eye on the quality of the water.

No scare

You would almost think that summer is a disaster scenario. Nothing is less true, but it is important that you just keep on paying attention and keep thinking. The warning not to leave your children in the car with this weather, probably sounds very childish, but every year there are new victims. Children who could still have lived if their parents were well aware of the risks.

And further ... let us especially enjoy the summer! With so many beautiful days already, it can not be broken anymore!

Video: 7 Ways to Beat the Heat - Hot Weather Hazards - Preventing Illness & Deaths in Hot Environments

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