If your baby is just born, his skin is not yet perfect. Your baby's skin may be a bit crusty, lumpy or even a bit flaky. It does not yet resemble the 'baby skin' that is spoken proverbially.
Regular results occur, baby acne, because the hormonal system of your child still has to properly arrange. You do not have to do anything about it, it comes and it goes. Do not go to scratch or scrub the pimples. Most of these disorders are fortunately very innocent and simply disappear. But if you want to know for sure, you can always make an appointment with the doctor to have it checked.
We take a closer look at the skin of your baby. Because what can you expect? How do you care for his skin?
In the womb, the skin of your baby is covered with 'vernix caseosa'. A whitish mucus that protects the skin of your baby. If your child has just been born, this layer is often still visible. You do not have to clean this layer. After a few days it will disappear automatically, but as long as it is still on your baby, this layer protects its skin. With this natural protective layer, baby oil is not needed in the first days.
Dry skin is common in newborn babies. It has to do with reduced sebum production. Heredity can also play a role. One person has a drier skin than the other. You can not really prevent it, but you can give the skin extra care. Think, for example, of his cheeks in the winter. If your child is sensitive to dry skin, his cheeks can become extra quickly in winter.
Care cheeks in the winter
Wash his face with lukewarm water and dry his cheeks with a soft towel. Then lubricate them with a moisturizing ointment. Also lubricate the cheeks when you go outside with your child. His skin can use this extra protection well.
Babies really have countless skin folds. You can still find them on their arms, legs, and neck even behind their ears. You can imagine that if you do not dry these folds properly, irritation may occur. Important so pay extra attention! You can best dry the skin with a hydrophilic diaper. If the skin is dry, you can take care of it with a petroleum jelly or oily cream.
If you do not take care of the skin in the folds it can become (red) red and even swell up. Take extra care of the skin by making sure it is dry. You can possibly rub it with a little zinc ointment.
Your child does not have to take a bath every day. Maybe you think that's a bad idea, but it is not. After all, your baby will not get really dirty. At this age they do not sweat yet, they do not run through the puddles and they do not do other dirty things either. If you wash your baby too often, his skin will dry out, it can even promote eczema. If you put it in the bath twice a week, that's enough.
Not too long
If you are bathing your baby, do not do it too long. Your child will love it in the warm water, but five to 10 minutes is really long enough. The skin only dries from a longer bath. Also keep in mind that your baby can still become supercooled very quickly. After all, newborn babies still have some trouble keeping themselves warm.
Do not use soap in the water. This also dries out his skin. If you want to do something in the water, use a special bath cream or bath oil.
Check the products you buy, because not all products are really skin-friendly and suitable for your child.
If you do not bathe your child too often, you only have to use baby cream if the skin of your baby is really dry. If you want to use a cream, preferably choose an unscented one. After a few months you can smear your child a little more often, especially during the colder months.
Do not use talcum powder. Talcum powder is so light that it can whirl around so that it can end up in the lungs of your child.
In the first 15 months your child may suffer from diaper rash. You can see this directly on his buttocks, which are red and pimply. It can be itchy and even a bit painful. Sometimes this rash can cause blisters and wounds. It is therefore important to take care of his buttocks and to regularly change his diapers. As soon as you notice that your child has pooped in his diaper, it is important to change it right away. There can be many reasons for diaper rash: detergent, food or your child has been lying in a dirty diaper for too long. In itself, diaper rash can be treated well and can be quickly removed with some extra care. However, if your child develops a fever, contact your doctor.
Of course you do not go right with your child into the pool, but after about 6 weeks it would be allowed. However, after a week or 12 he better keeps his temperature. To protect its skin against the chlorine, you can rub your baby with a petroleum jelly before swimming. After swimming, it is best to take a good shower with your baby to remove the chlorinated water, then dry off your baby very well. If it is dry, rub it with a neutral ointment.
Chlorine dries out, however, there are swimming pools without chlorine. That would of course be much better for your child.
In the sun
Of course you want to go outside with your child on sunny days! Try to keep him out of the sun as much as possible. Please note that the sun is at its peak between 11 am and 4 pm. Therefore try to go out with your child before that time or after that time. Do not forget a hat on his head and keep it out of the sun as much as possible. This can be done with a parasol or to make sure it is in the shade or lying down.
If it is not possible to prevent your child from getting into the sun, spread it with a sunscreen with a good protection factor.
Preferably use a neutral detergent, without all kinds of fragrances or other chemical additives. The skin of your child can react violently to the wrong detergent, especially on detergent with a lot of perfume or other additives.
You can better skip the use of fabric softener in the first time.