You hear it more and more often, the paternity test. Research into the biological relationship between father and child. Is he the father? Of the mother you usually know for sure, but the father can of course be a doubtful case. Sometimes the mother does not know, sometimes only the father doubts. There may be several reasons to want to do a test. For example, to gain certainty or to exclude things. Regularly something comes up in the media, when it concerns a BN, but uncertainty about paternity is not only reserved for celebrities, you can find it in all layers of the population.
It has not been possible in the Netherlands for very long, but it is becoming increasingly popular. And where you can make money ... If you consider such a test, you better read on.
Why would you want to carry out a DNA paternity test?
This is possible for different reasons. For example because you want to know whether you really are the biological father of your child, or because you want to find out who the biological father is. You may want to prove that it is your child, with an eye on inheritance, custody or a desired visit scheme. It may also be that you want to prove that someone else is the father, for example for the maintenance obligation.
Not just father / child
The wish can also come from the child. 'Is he my father'? You can imagine that many situations are conceivable. The test does not only have to be carried out between father and child, it can also be between brother and sister or grandfather and grandchild.
You can be absolutely certain that you only have sex with your partner and still have doubts whether the child is yours! Fortunately, it is rare, but unfortunately birth changes are still observed. In the Netherlands too. In that case, a DNA test is of course also very welcome.
How does such a test work?
Okay, just a short technical explanation. A man can not be the father if he or she has one or more hereditary factors that are present in the child, but not in the mother, or if the child lacks hereditary factors that would be present if the examined man would father to be.
This research is carried out by means of a DNA analysis. A positive match can offer approximately 99.99% certainty in the case of research of 16 genetic markers. Exclusion can provide 100% security with this research design. The confidence margins are influenced by whether or not the mother's DNA material is involved in the study. In the past, this research was done by comparing various blood group factors.
Nowadays you can order such a test via the internet. The package will be sent to you - discreetly packaged. You can choose to perform the test by name, but it can also be completely anonymous.
Execution of the test
With the sterile cotton swabs from the package you make two DNA samples from the cheek mucosa. You pack these samples in the transport containers supplied and send them back through the return package. The results of the research can be sent to you by post or downloaded via a website. It is often possible to have the results mailed or called.
Judicial determination of paternity
This can only be requested by the mother or child, within the following guidelines:
- mother can make a request until the child is 5 years old
- a child can always submit the request
- a father can not submit a request
The father may request replacement consent for recognition of his child from the court if the mother refused his recognition at the birth of the child.
You have to like a test like that, because there is a hefty price tag. Of course the result justifies the price, but of course you have to have this money. For an average paternity test (with legality declaration) you are on average about 650 euros (but I also lost amounts of 1,300 euros). If the result does not have to be legally valid, then such a test costs 'only' half, namely about 300 euros. If maternity also needs to be determined, a few hundred euros will be added.
The paternity test is reasonably new in the Netherlands and is not reimbursed by insurers.
On the internet certainly cheaper sets are offered (from about 200 euros), but are they reliable? Where there is demand, supply and where there is a lot of demand are people who want to earn money quickly. Especially with this kind of sensitive information it is important that it is done properly and reliably. Otherwise you do not have to do it anyway.
Therefore, make sure that you have the test carried out by a reliable organization, even if this means that there is a higher price tag attached to it. After all, what is the reason for a result that is not reliable?
Is the company accredited?
First check whether a company is accredited. This is very important, because an ISO17025 accreditation ensures that the test is analyzed in a laboratory that meets strict rules and is equipped with the right equipment.
LUMC and Sanquin are the only non-commercial institutions in the Netherlands where you can go for a paternity test. However, more and more commercial companies are diving into this matter and offer testing at lower rates. Important that you are looking for a reliable address.