In exciting times your son is untenable, jumps up and down on the couch, screams and gets angry quickly. According to his teacher, he can concentrate very hard on school. You also notice that he has trouble sitting still. Your mother once joked that he has ADHD. Desperately you wonder whether your upbringing has failed or that something else is going on.
It is the acronym for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which is an attention and concentration disorder with or without hyperactivity. Many people think that children with ADHD are hyperactive, but also remarkably calm can be a feature, along with other characteristics. Officially, three types of ADHD are defined:
1 - ADHD with attention and concentration problems (often referred to as ADD);
2 - ADHD with mainly hyperactivity and impulsivity;
3 - ADHD a combination of type 1 and 2 (this type is the most common).
What happens to a child?
In children it is mainly in trouble to keep their attention somewhere and stay focused. They are quickly distracted by stimuli from their environment that enter harder than in children without ADHD. Where another child can focus his attention on the teacher explaining something, an ADHD child can be extra stimulated by child voices in the hallway, a striking sweater of the girl sitting next to him and a butterfly flying along the window. In addition, children with ADHD can act very impulsively, first and then think. Children who suffer from hyperactivity are very agile and have difficulty in sitting still and being calm. This costs them a lot of effort and energy.
Difference between boys and girls
It is found more often in boys than in girls in a ratio of 3 to 1. There are experts who wonder whether this is possible because the symptoms in girls are often different and ADHD is less likely to be recognized. Boys with ADHD are often impulsive, hyperactive and show behavior problems more often. Girls are more likely to suffer from the ADD type, as a result of which inattention and effort to hold attention is often expressed in dreamy behavior.
The cause has not yet been established conclusively. According to recent research, someone with ADHD has a neurobiologic disorder in the brain. Yet it can not be determined by performing physical examination or performing blood tests. A doctor generally makes a diagnosis on the basis of information obtained through the parents, teachers and others who are close to the child. A classification system has been drawn up with various criteria that determine whether someone leads to ADHD.
The cause of ADHD has not yet been established conclusively. According to recent research, someone with ADHD has a neurobiologic disorder in the brain. Yet it can not be determined by performing physical examination or performing blood tests. A doctor generally makes a diagnosis on the basis of information obtained through the parents, teachers and others who are close to the child. A classification system has been drawn up with various criteria that determine whether someone leads to ADHD.
It can not be cured, but it can be influenced. Medications can help to reduce the symptoms and a personal treatment plan can provide the structure and regularity that a child needs. The best known is probably Ritalin, a stimulant medicine that helps people with ADHD to concentrate better. Also important is the living environment and personal treatment of a child with ADHD. Structure and regularity are of great importance, as is the space to discharge at regular intervals to be able to use energy. There are special behavioral therapy courses for both parents and children.
Is ADHD a 'fashion disease'?
The ADHD label seems to be stuck much more often than in the past, busy children are jokingly considered ADHD. Is not it just an easy way to disguise an unstructured upbringing? Of course there were also busy children in the past, only then hardly anything was known about it and these children were labeled as difficult, annoying and busy. Today, a lot of research has been done, there is plenty of talk about and published so that the possibility of ADHD is noticed faster.