Asperger syndrome, also called asperger syndrome or Asperger's disorder, is a developmental disorder. The syndrome is named after the Vienna pediatrician Dr. Hans Asperger. It falls under the autism spectrum disorders (ASD), where Asperger is a mild form of autism. Unlike the classical autistic disorder, there is no delay in the development of language skills at a low age. There is a normal to high intelligence and an average tendency to make contact.
No separate entity
In the 2013 version of the diagnostic classification system DSM, DSM-5, Asperger syndrome has disappeared as a separate diagnosis. Together with classical autism, atypical autism, MCDD, PDD-NOS, Rett's syndrome and disintegration disorder of childhood age, it is now classified as one category: autism spectrum disorder. Asperger syndrome is seen as a mild form of it. This does not mean that the term asperger syndrome can no longer be used, but it is felt that there are insufficient indications to consider it as a separate entity within the autism spectrum.
Of course every child is different and every child shows his own symptoms. There is not a handy checklist that you can check if your child meets the profile. It is often not so black / white. Yet there are a few properties that may be characteristic of Asperger's Syndrome. There would be many image thinkers among people with the syndrome.
Talk a lot
Characteristic of Asperger's Syndrome, for example, is that they can talk fine, but have difficulty understanding the language and empathizing with what others think and feel. This allows people with Asperger to have a tendency to talk a lot, but they also often have a great imagination. There are indeed more boys than girls with Asperger's syndrome. Often the diagnosis is made in childhood. In one case the diagnosis is only made later.
Tired social contact and less good in communication. Conversations can be one-sided because someone does not realize that the conversation partner has no interest (anymore). People with Asperger find it difficult to understand sarcasm and humor and usually only understand literal language.
Little eye contact and facial expressions. They find it difficult to see the feelings of others, which makes them react inappropriate to the feelings of others.
Children with Asperger often move a bit stiffly, their motor skills develop somewhat slowly. This manifests itself not only in a defective sporting performance, but also, for example, in writing difficulties. Children with Aspergers also have the tendency to stare at someone for a long time or to avoid eye contact altogether.
Difficulty with friendship
Children with Asperger's syndrome are in need of friendship, but struggle to make friendships because they are often misunderstood by others.
They often have one-sided interests and can often focus on 1 or 2 specific subjects, which they know a great deal about, against the obsessive. They can talk a lot about that.
How can you guide them as well as possible?
These children have a great need for structure and clarity. They love fixed habits and routine. By giving children this, you give them something that will be familiar to them. Small changes can already cause great panic. It is therefore important that you announce as many changes as possible beforehand.
Children with Asperger syndrome often have concentration problems. The many internal stimuli make it difficult for them to concentrate. This can be difficult in the classroom. A place in the classroom alone can help a little.
Asperger's syndrome can not be cured. There are training courses in the field of social skills or cognitive behavioral therapy where they can learn to function as well as possible in society. In this way they learn to deal with their disorder as well as possible.