Child diseases - Red dog

Red dog is an infectious disease caused by the rubella virus. It is transmitted by contaminated droplets of moisture that exhale red dog patients, sneezing or coughing. Redhound often starts with a cold and goes back again after a few days. With a red dog, a child can simply go to school if it feels good.

Child disease

Usually rubella or rubella is an innocent viral childhood disease. The red dog incubation period is 14 to 21 days. The lymph nodes behind the ears are set up in rubella, followed by skin rashes with red spots. This rash starts on the face and in the neck, after which it spreads to the trunk and limbs. Fever, conjunctivitis and joint complaints also occur. In general, the infected people hardly become ill and the disease is quickly over.

Illness symptoms

Red dogs often start with some general symptoms such as mild fever, fatigue, nose cold and light eye inflammation. Hereafter a red skin rash occurs. The rash is mainly behind the ears, in the face and in the neck. The disease is usually very mild and often with little fever. About half of the patients with rubella do not have a skin rash. Sometimes rubella can lead to a shortage of platelets, brain inflammation or joint inflammation.


Complaints with rubella can be:

catch a cold
pain in joints
(slight) fever
red spots (first in face, body and then on arms and legs)
lymph in the neck become fat and hurt


The chance of complications or a serious course is very small and usually it is an innocent childhood disease that after a few days automatically goes over again. Very often there can be complications and the patient suffers from:

joint inflammation in fingers, wrists and / or knees
encephalitis (very rare)
during pregnancy it can damage the baby

If your child is getting sicker, does not drink, spits, is drowsy or suffocated, always contact your doctor.


You can take care of your child as if it has a bad cold. Give him a lot to drink. If he feels good enough, he can go to school or childcare. Report it to the management, so that other parents can be alerted about possible contamination. There are no medicines against rubella. Usually the disease goes on again after a few days.

Red dog and pregnancy

When a pregnant woman goes through a red dog, this can cause a spontaneous miscarriage or very serious birth defects in the baby. The latter is called the congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Are you pregnant and have you been in contact with someone with a rubella? Then consult your midwife or GP.

How can you get it?

The virus is in the throat of someone who is infected. By coughing and sneezing small droplets with the virus in the air. People can breathe in these droplets and become infected.
Someone with rubella can infect others:

- from 10 days before there are red spots, and
- up to 7 days after the formation of these spots.

Just before the red spots develop, someone with rubella is the most contagious. Someone who has had a rubella can not get the disease again.

How do you prevent contamination?

To prevent infection of Rodehond, you can take into account a number of things:

Use a paper handkerchief and throw it right after use. No handkerchief at hand? Then cough in the fold of your elbow.
Always wash your hands after coughing, sneezing and blowing.
Keep newborn babies away from coughing and sneezing people.
Also teach children to sneeze and cough in a good way.

Video: Childhood Blood Diseases

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