First aid for children - Cutting and abrasions

As children playing outside you can hardly escape this. He will regularly come home with cuts or abrasions. And where blood can be seen, there are probably also very big tears. So it is important to clean and clean the wound as soon as possible!

Abrasion

A scrape gives less blood and is often more superficial than a cut wound. Usually some moisture comes out.
In the case of an abrasion, the upper layer feels rough and there may still be small particles in the wound that have been planed against.

How does an abrasion develop?

You can incur an abrasion by, for example, scraping along or falling on a rough surface (such as the street).

How do you treat a scrape?

Rinse the abrasion with clean water so that the dirt can run out of the wound. This can be done under the tap or in the shower. Bit dependent on the location of the wound. In any case, make sure that as much street grime or mud as possible can be washed out of the wound.
Then you can disinfect the wound.
Allow the abrasion to dry through the air.
After the wound is dry, you can possibly put a gauze over it.

To prevent the gauze from sticking to the wound, it is best to use metalline gauze or ointment pads (greasy gauze). These do not stick to the wound.

Cut wound

A cut wound is a wound with sharp edges that look 'neat'. Usually a relatively large amount of blood comes from the wound. A cutting wound usually goes deeper into the skin than a scrape, in which the upper layer of the skin is damaged.

How does a cutting wound occur?

You can suffer a cut due to multiple causes. Think, for example, of knives, scissors, nails or needles, but also for example something as innocent as paper.

How do you treat a cutting wound?

Clean and disinfect the wound with lukewarm water from the tap.
Disinfect the wound.
Cover the wound with a sterile gauze or compress. If the wound continues to bleed, you can also choose to use a dovetail that keeps the skin together.

Deeper cut

If your child has a large wound that bleeds violently, he must go to the doctor immediately. Your child can lose too much blood, causing him to go into shock or even become unconscious.
In case of a heavily bleeding wound, it is best to apply a pressure bandage so that the blood vessels are compressed. Do you not have a pressure bandage? Then tie a clean looking cloth around it. Do not pinch the wound too much, because this can also damage the wound tissue and that is not the intention either.

You do not have to rinse large bleeding wounds with water. This would allow viruses and bacteria to infect the wound.

Call 112

If your child has lost a lot of blood, there is a risk that he will become shocked. He then feels miserable and looks bad. He can have a pale skin color, restless, limp, powerless and / or sweaty. It is even possible that he loses his consciousness. If this is the case, call directly 112.

Video: How to treat cuts and scrapes / Comment traiter les coupures et les éraflures

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